Mathaniya Village, with population of about 15 thousand is Osian sub district's the 2nd most populous village, located in Osian sub district of Jodhpur district in the state Rajasthan in India. Total geographical area of Mathaniya village is 26 km2 and it is the 23rd biggest village by area in the sub district. Population density of the village is 584 persons per km2.

Nearest railway station is Mathaniya which is within the village. Nearest town of the village is Jodhpur and distance from Mathaniya village to Jodhpur is 33 km. The village has its own post office and the pin code of Mathaniya village is 342305. Osian is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the village is 30 km. District head quarter of the village is Jodhpur which is 33 km away.


The village is home to about 15 thousand people, among them 7789 (52%) are male and 7150 (48%) are female. 75% of the whole population are from general caste, 24% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Mathaniya village is 16%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are 2476 households in the village and an average 6 persons live in every family.

Growth of population

Population of the village has increased by 17.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 13 thousand. Female population growth rate of the village is 19.1% which is 2.3% higher than male population growth rate of 16.8%. General caste population has increased by 13.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 33.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 124.1% and child population has decreased by -7.9% in the village since last census.

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 918 females per 1000 male in the village. Sex ratio in general caste is 923, in schedule caste is 910 and in schedule tribe is 729. There are 911 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the village. Overall sex ratio in the village has increased by 18 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 17 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.


Total 8714 people in the village are literate, among them 5415 are male and 3299 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Mathaniya is 69%. 82% of male and 55% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the village has increased by 10%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 15%.

Workers profile

Mathaniya has 33% (4995) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 47% male and 18% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 1% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 15% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.