Madurai South Taluka, with population of about 13.9 lakh is Madurai district's the most populous sub district, located in Madurai district of the state Tamil Nadu in India. There are 46 villages in the sub district, among them Perungudi is the most populous village with population of 9081 and Moothankulam is the least populous village with population of 131. Nallur is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 13 km2 and Kallambal is the smallest with 1 km2.

There are 16 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Madurai Municipal Corporation; Avaniapuram and Thiruparankundram Municipalities; Thiruparankundram Municipality and Out Growth; Chinna Anuppanadi, Nagamalaipudukottai, Nilaiyur (I Bit), Thanakkankulam and Vilacheri Census Towns (limited to 5 most populous) Thirunagar and Harveypatti Town Panchayats.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 13.9 lakh people, among them about 7 lakh (50%) are male and about 6.9 lakh (50%) are female. 92% of the whole population are from general caste, 8% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Madurai South taluka is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 3.6 lakh households in the sub district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 93% (about 12.9 lakh) live in Madurai South Sub District urban part and 7% (about 97 thousand) population live in the Madurai South Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Madurai South

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,391,980 1,281,032 105,641 5,307 141,119
Male 697,680 642,297 52,745 2,638 72,315
Female 694,300 638,735 52,896 2,669 68,804

Most populated Villages and Cities in Madurai South

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Perungudi 9081 Madurai 1017865
Vadapalanji 6590 Avaniapuram 89635
Valayankulam 5705 Thiruparankundram 50004
Chinthamani 5070 Thiruparankundram 48810
Thuvariman 4962 Chinna Anuppanadi 26158
Puliyankulam 3365 Thirunagar 16598
Panaiyur 3216 Nagamalaipudukottai 15769
Solankuruni 3191 Nilaiyur (I Bit) 14684
Thoppur 3139 Thanakkankulam 14328
Vadivelkarai 3085 Harveypatti 9016

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 88% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 7% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 5% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 991 in Muslims are 996 and in Christians are 1065.

Religion wise population 2011 - Madurai South

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,391,980 1,220,131 102,206 64,252 256 88 1,335 229 3,483
Male 697,680 612,769 51,200 31,119 150 46 680 121 1,595
Female 694,300 607,362 51,006 33,133 106 42 655 108 1,888

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 15.7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 12 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 16.7% which is 2% higher than male population growth rate of 14.7%. General caste population has increased by 14.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 25.8%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 74.5% and child population has increased by 6.1% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Madurai South

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15.7% 14.7% 25.8% 74.5% 6.1%
Male 14.7% 13.7% 25.3% 73.6% 5.7%
Female 16.7% 15.8% 26.4% 75.5% 6.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 995 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 994, in schedule caste is 1003 and in schedule tribe is 1012. There are 951 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 17 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 5 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Madurai South

Total General SC ST Child
Change 17 17 9 11 5
2011 995 994 1003 1012 951
2001 978 977 994 1001 946

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Madurai South

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Erkudi 1074 Vilacheri 1015
Kilamathikattinan 1054 Harveypatti 1013
Chinthamani 1053 Nilaiyur (I Bit) 1012
Thenpalanji 1033 Thirunagar 1011
Nedumadurai 1032 Madurai 999
Pudukulam 1031 Thiruparankundram 999
Kombadi 1027 Thiruparankundram 998
Valayapatti 1025 Thanakkankulam 998
Kusavapatti 1022 Nagamalaipudukottai 995
Tattanur 1021 Iravadanallur 991

Literacy

Total about 11.2 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 5.8 lakh are male and about 5.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Madurai South is 89%. 94% of male and 85% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Madurai South

Total Male Female
Change 4.0% 2.6% 5.7%
2011 89.1% 93.5% 84.8%
2001 85.1% 90.9% 79.1%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Madurai South

Workers profile

Madurai South has 40% (about 5.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 20% female population are working population. 56% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 3% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 17% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Madurai South

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 39.7% 36.4% 3.3% 60.3%
Male 59% 55.6% 3.5% 41%
Female 20.3% 17.2% 3.1% 79.7%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Madurai South