Udhagamandalam Taluka, with population of about 1.9 lakh is The Nilgiris district's the most populous sub district, located in The Nilgiris district of the state Tamil Nadu in India. There are 10 villages in the sub district, among them Nanjanad is the most populous village with population of about 13 thousand and Kukkal is the least populous village with population of 5219. Masinagudi is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 134 km2 and Thuneri is the smallest with 17 km2.

There are 3 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Udhagamandalam Municipality; Sholur and Naduvattam Town Panchayats.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 1.9 lakh people, among them about 94 thousand (49%) are male and about 98 thousand (51%) are female. 66% of the whole population are from general caste, 30% are from schedule caste and 3% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Udhagamandalam taluka is 9%, among them 50% are boys and 50% are girls. There are about 53 thousand households in the sub district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 56% (about 1.1 lakh) live in Udhagamandalam Sub District urban part and 44% (about 85 thousand) population live in the Udhagamandalam Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Udhagamandalam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 191,960 127,513 58,334 6,113 16,491
Male 93,663 62,046 28,593 3,024 8,184
Female 98,297 65,467 29,741 3,089 8,307

Most populated Villages and Cities in Udhagamandalam

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Nanjanad 13007 Udhagamandalam 88430
Kagguchi 10986 Sholur 9745
Thummanatti 9461 Naduvattam 8505
Hullathi 9187
Masinagudi 8783
Udhagamandalam 8214
Thuneri 7110
Kadanad 7080
Ebbanad 6233
Kukkal 5219

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 80% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Christians which contribute 11% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 8% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1042 in Christians are 1122 and in Muslims are 1023.

Religion wise population 2011 - Udhagamandalam

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 191,960 154,207 14,657 21,988 40 270 364 17 417
Male 93,663 75,501 7,246 10,361 20 123 184 7 221
Female 98,297 78,706 7,411 11,627 20 147 180 10 196

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has decreased by -6.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 2.1 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is -4.6% which is 4.1% higher than male population growth rate of -8.7%. General caste population has decreased by -8.8%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -4.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 21.6% and child population has decreased by -23.5% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Udhagamandalam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -6.6% -8.8% -4.1% 21.6% -23.5%
Male -8.7% -11.3% -5.2% 22.8% -24.6%
Female -4.6% -6.3% -3% 20.4% -22.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1049 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1055, in schedule caste is 1040 and in schedule tribe is 1021. There are 1015 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 44 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 29 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Udhagamandalam

Total General SC ST Child
Change 44 57 24 -21 29
2011 1049 1055 1040 1021 1015
2001 1005 998 1016 1042 986

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Udhagamandalam

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Kagguchi 1111 Udhagamandalam 1053
Thummanatti 1084 Sholur 1052
Kadanad 1079 Naduvattam 1002
Kukkal 1069
Ebbanad 1048
Nanjanad 1047
Hullathi 1022
Masinagudi 1021
Thuneri 1016
Udhagamandalam 1005

Literacy

Total about 1.4 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 77 thousand are male and about 68 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Udhagamandalam is 83%. 90% of male and 76% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 8%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Udhagamandalam

Total Male Female
Change 5.4% 3.9% 7.4%
2011 82.5% 89.9% 75.5%
2001 77.1% 86% 68.1%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Udhagamandalam

Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Thummanatti 81 Udhagamandalam 90
Udhagamandalam 80 Naduvattam 76
Nanjanad 79 Sholur 74
Masinagudi 76
Kadanad 76
Kukkal 75
Hullathi 75
Ebbanad 74
Kagguchi 73
Thuneri 73

Workers profile

Udhagamandalam has 49% (about 94 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 61% male and 38% female population are working population. 57% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 4% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 34% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Udhagamandalam

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 48.9% 45% 3.9% 51.1%
Male 60.9% 56.5% 4.4% 39.1%
Female 37.5% 34% 3.5% 62.5%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Udhagamandalam

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Masinagudi 134.1 Naduvattam 61.7
Nanjanad 130.6 Sholur 35.8
Kadanad 121.5 Udhagamandalam 30.7
Ebbanad 64.2
Kukkal 62.5
Kagguchi 29.9
Udhagamandalam 29.3
Hullathi 27.3
Thummanatti 20.9
Thuneri 17.2