Somala Mandal, with population of about 44 thousand is Chittoor district's the 28th least populous sub district, located in Chittoor district of the state Andhra Pradesh in India. There are 13 villages in the sub district, among them Peddauppara Palle is the most populous village with population of 7491 and Kamireddivaripalle is the least populous village with population of 1005. Somala is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 27 km2 and Kamireddivaripalle is the smallest with 5 km2.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 44 thousand people, among them about 22 thousand (50%) are male and about 22 thousand (50%) are female. 84% of the whole population are from general caste, 13% are from schedule caste and 3% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Somala mandal is 10%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 11 thousand households in the sub district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

100% population of Somala mandal live in the Somala Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Somala

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 43,528 36,479 5,587 1,462 4,539
Male 21,795 18,309 2,735 751 2,344
Female 21,733 18,170 2,852 711 2,195

Most populated Villages in Somala

Villages
Name Population
Peddauppara Palle 7491
Somala 6323
Nanjampeta @ Chandambylu 4531
Kandur 4338
Avulapalle 3637
Irikipenta 3265
Upparapalle 3030
Nellimanda 2699
Valligatla 2340
Thamminayanipalle 2325

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 88% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 12% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 994 in Muslims are 1013.

Religion wise population 2011 - Somala

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 43,528 38,111 5,224 70 2 1 6 1 113
Male 21,795 19,110 2,595 31 1 0 5 1 52
Female 21,733 19,001 2,629 39 1 1 1 0 61

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 1.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 43 thousand. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 1.5% which is 0.5% higher than male population growth rate of 1%. General caste population has increased by 0.4%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -0.8%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 44.2% and child population has decreased by -19.5% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Somala

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1.3% 0.4% -0.8% 44.2% -19.5%
Male 1% 0.5% -3.6% 43.3% -19.9%
Female 1.5% 0.3% 2% 45.1% -19%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 997 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 992, in schedule caste is 1043 and in schedule tribe is 947. There are 936 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 5 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 10 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Somala

Total General SC ST Child
Change 5 -3 57 12 10
2011 997 992 1043 947 936
2001 992 995 986 935 926

Villages with highest sex ratio in Somala

Literacy

Total about 26 thousand people in the sub district are literate, among them about 15 thousand are male and about 11 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Somala is 65%. 76% of male and 55% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 2%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 4%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Somala

Total Male Female
Change 3.0% 1.2% 4.7%
2011 65.5% 75.6% 55.4%
2001 62.5% 74.4% 50.7%

Villages with highest literacy rate in Somala

Workers profile

Somala has 53% (about 23 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 46% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 40% of total female population are main and 6% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Somala

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 52.7% 47.2% 5.5% 47.3%
Male 59% 54.4% 4.6% 41%
Female 46.4% 40% 6.4% 53.6%

Biggest Villages in Somala

Villages
Name Area (Km2)
Somala 27.2
Valligatla 18.6
Kandur 16.7
S. Nadim Palle 15.5
Irikipenta 15
Upparapalle 14.7
Nanjampeta @ Chandambylu 10.5
Mittapalle 10.2
Nellimanda 10.2
Peddauppara Palle 10.2