Basanti Community Development Block, with population of about 3.4 lakh is South Twenty Four Parganas district's the 2nd most populous sub district, located in South Twenty Four Parganas district of the state West Bengal in India. There are 64 villages in the sub district, among them Lot No 126 is the most populous village with population of about 16 thousand and Tetultala is the least populous village with population of 446. Lot No 126 is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 46 km2 and Chandrakona is the smallest with 1 km2.

There are 1 census towns in the sub district, those are - Basanti Census Town.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 3.4 lakh people, among them about 1.7 lakh (51%) are male and about 1.7 lakh (49%) are female. 59% of the whole population are from general caste, 36% are from schedule caste and 6% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Basanti community development block is 15%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 71 thousand households in the sub district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 98% (about 3.3 lakh) live in Basanti Sub District rural part and 2% (6625) population live in the Basanti Sub District urban part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Basanti

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 336,717 197,026 119,631 20,060 50,770
Male 171,279 99,473 61,616 10,190 25,767
Female 165,438 97,553 58,015 9,870 25,003

Most populated Villages and Cities in Basanti

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Lot No 126 15695 Basanti 6625
Bhangonkhali 15127
Phul Malancha 14614
Kathalberia 14113
Char Bidyarabad 13035
Goran Bose 12642
Kumarkhali 12021
Sonakhali 10582
Dhuri 9411
Chunakhali 9241

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 52% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 45% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 2% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 949 in Muslims are 988 and in Christians are 943.

Religion wise population 2011 - Basanti

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 336,717 176,715 151,101 7,693 62 56 24 326 740
Male 171,279 90,690 76,017 3,960 38 27 14 170 363
Female 165,438 86,025 75,084 3,733 24 29 10 156 377

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 20.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 2.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 21.7% which is 1.7% higher than male population growth rate of 20%. General caste population has increased by 28.3%; Schedule caste population has increased by 11.2%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 14.9% and child population has decreased by -2.4% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Basanti

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 20.9% 28.3% 11.2% 14.9% -2.4%
Male 20% 27.7% 10.4% 13.6% -1.9%
Female 21.7% 29% 12% 16.3% -3%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 966 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 981, in schedule caste is 942 and in schedule tribe is 969. There are 970 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 14 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 11 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Basanti

Total General SC ST Child
Change 14 10 14 23 -11
2011 966 981 942 969 970
2001 952 971 928 946 981

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Basanti

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Kalidanga 1050 Basanti 922
Chandrakona 1037
Chak Pitambar Dutta 1034
Radhaballavpur 1022
Birinchi Bari 1020
Khirishkhali 1005
Sibganj 1005
Ranigar 1005
Khari Machan 1000
Radharanipur 998

Literacy

Total about 2 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 1.1 lakh are male and about 85 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Basanti is 68%. 76% of male and 61% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 11%. Male literacy has gone up by 7% and female literacy rate has gone up by 17%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Basanti

Total Male Female
Change 11.3% 6.8% 16.3%
2011 68.3% 75.8% 60.6%
2001 57% 69% 44.3%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Basanti

Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Dakshin Battala 88 Basanti 80
Nafarganj 87
Birinchi Bari 86
Hiranmoypur 84
Radhaballavpur 84
Sibganj 82
Matgaran 82
Lot No 126 81
Ballartop 79
Harekrishnapur 79

Workers profile

Basanti has 39% (about 1.3 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 23% female population are working population. 35% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 20% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 17% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Basanti

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 39.2% 20.8% 18.4% 60.8%
Male 55% 35% 20% 45%
Female 22.9% 6.1% 16.8% 77.1%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Basanti

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Lot No 126 45.6 Basanti 2.3
Char Bidyarabad 12.4
Phul Malancha 11.8
Kumarkhali 10.8
Goran Bose 10.2
Bhangonkhali 9.1
Chunakhali 8.8
Sonakhali 8.8
Nafarganj 8.7
Hiranmoypur 8.6