Mahishi Community Development Block, with population of about 2.1 lakh is Saharsa district's the 6th least populous sub district, located in Saharsa district of the state Bihar in India. There are 73 villages in the sub district, among them Mahisi is the most populous village with population of about 19 thousand and Maina Arazi is the least populous village with population of 100. Mahisi is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 28 km2 and Maina Arazi is the smallest with 0 km2.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 2.1 lakh people, among them about 1.1 lakh (52%) are male and about 98 thousand (48%) are female. 76% of the whole population are from general caste, 24% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Mahishi community development block is 22%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 40 thousand households in the sub district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

100% population of Mahishi community development block live in the Mahishi Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Mahishi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 206,774 157,406 49,227 141 44,700
Male 108,437 82,740 25,632 65 23,238
Female 98,337 74,666 23,595 76 21,462

Most populated Villages in Mahishi

Villages
Name Population
Mahisi 19073
Telwa 15251
Bhelahi Kalan Khurd 9463
Ghoghpur 8377
Rajhanpur 8261
Ara 8025
Jalai 6722
Manaur 6494
Aina 6008
Birgaon 5726

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 80% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 20% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 899 in Muslims are 939.

Religion wise population 2011 - Mahishi

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 206,774 164,512 41,949 112 15 2 6 2 176
Male 108,437 86,637 21,639 66 8 0 4 0 83
Female 98,337 77,875 20,310 46 7 2 2 2 93

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 12.2% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 1.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 11.4% which is -1.6% lower than male population growth rate of 13%. General caste population has increased by 9.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 21.2% and child population has increased by 13.8% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Mahishi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.2% 9.6% 21.2% 0% 13.8%
Male 13% 10.3% 22.4% 0% 7.4%
Female 11.4% 8.8% 19.9% 0% 21.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 907 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 902, in schedule caste is 921 and in schedule tribe is 1169. There are 924 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has decreased by 13 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 109 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Mahishi

Total General SC ST Child
Change -13 -13 -18 1169 109
2011 907 902 921 1169 924
2001 920 915 939 0 815

Villages with highest sex ratio in Mahishi

Villages
Name Sex Ratio
Aksaur 1010
Kodwa 1000
Jalkaur 989
Kargaon 969
Sahorwa 956
Jhitki 945
Baghaud 942
Bhelahi Kalan Khurd 942
Mangrauni 942
Ara 942

Literacy

Total about 78 thousand people in the sub district are literate, among them about 51 thousand are male and about 27 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Mahishi is 48%. 60% of male and 36% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 11%. Male literacy has gone up by 11% and female literacy rate has gone up by 12%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Mahishi

Total Male Female
Change 11.5% 10.5% 12.0%
2011 48.4% 59.9% 35.6%
2001 36.9% 49.4% 23.6%

Villages with highest literacy rate in Mahishi

Villages
Name Literacy Rate %
Pokharbhinda 85
Jalkaur 84
Maina 73
Baghaud 72
Maina Arazi 70
Telbadha 69
Kandaha 67
Dhapari 65
Mahisi 64
Dumri 64

Workers profile

Mahishi has 37% (about 76 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 46% male and 26% female population are working population. 23% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 23% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 20% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Mahishi

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 36.5% 15.2% 21.3% 63.5%
Male 46.2% 23.4% 22.8% 53.8%
Female 25.9% 6.2% 19.7% 74.1%

Biggest Villages in Mahishi

Villages
Name Area (Km2)
Mahisi 27.8
Rajhanpur 12.6
Telwa 11.8
Ghoghpur 9.9
Bijwar 9.7
Jalai 8.8
Ara 7.2
Dharampur 6.3
Telhar 6.3
Garaul 4.7