Andaman & Nicobar Islands Union Territory, with population of about 3.8 lakh is India's the 4th least populous union territory. Total geographical area of Andaman & Nicobar Islands union territory is 8249 km2 and it is the biggest union territory by area in the country. Population density of the union territory is 46 persons per km2. There are 3 districts in the union territory, among them South Andaman is the most populous district with population of about 2.4 lakh and Nicobars is the least populous district with population of about 37 thousand. North & Middle Andaman is the biggest district in the union territory with an area of 3736 km2 and Nicobars is the smallest with 1841 km2.

Demographics

The union territory is home to about 3.8 lakh people, among them about 2 lakh (53%) are male and about 1.8 lakh (47%) are female. 93% of the whole population are from general caste and 7% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Andaman & Nicobar Islands union territory is 11%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 95 thousand households in the union territory and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 62% (about 2.4 lakh) live in Andaman & Nicobar Islands rural part and 38% (about 1.4 lakh) population live in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands urban part. Rural population density of Andaman & Nicobar Islands union territory is 29 and urban population density is 3784 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 380,581 352,051 0 28,530 40,878
Male 202,871 188,140 0 14,731 20,770
Female 177,710 163,911 0 13,799 20,108

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
South Andaman 238142 Port Blair 165754 Port Blair 108058
North & Middle Andaman 105597 Ferrargunj 53565 Garacharma 14419
Nicobars 36842 Diglipur 43183 Prothrapur 10308
Rangat 36626 Bambooflat 7962
Mayabunder 25788 Bakultala 2741
Little Andaman 18823
Car Nicobar 17841
Nancowry 10634
Great Nicobar 8367

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 69% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the union territory followed by Christians which contribute 21% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 9% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 858 in Christians are 940 and in Muslims are 873.

Religion wise population 2011 - Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 380,581 264,296 32,413 80,984 1,286 338 31 564 669
Male 202,871 142,277 17,301 41,747 701 188 14 317 326
Female 177,710 122,019 15,112 39,237 585 150 17 247 343

Growth of population

Population of the union territory has increased by 6.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3.6 lakh. Female population growth rate of the union territory is 8.9% which is 3.8% higher than male population growth rate of 5.1%. General caste population has increased by 7.8%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -3.2% and child population has decreased by -8.7% in the union territory since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 6.9% 7.8% 0% -3.2% -8.7%
Male 5.1% 5.8% 0% -2.6% -9.2%
Female 8.9% 10.1% 0% -3.8% -8.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 876 females per 1000 male in the union territory. Sex ratio in general caste is 871, and in schedule tribe is 937. There are 968 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the union territory. Overall sex ratio in the union territory has increased by 30 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 11 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Total General SC ST Child
Change 30 34 0 -11 11
2011 876 871 0 937 968
2001 846 837 0 948 957

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
North & Middle Andaman 925 Rangat 935 Bakultala 952
South Andaman 871 Mayabunder 935 Bambooflat 946
Nicobars 777 Ferrargunj 919 Garacharma 884
Diglipur 911 Port Blair 871
Little Andaman 889 Prothrapur 817
Port Blair 854
Car Nicobar 833
Nancowry 782
Great Nicobar 665

Literacy

Total about 2.9 lakh people in the union territory are literate, among them about 1.6 lakh are male and about 1.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS is 87%. 90% of male and 82% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the union territory has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Total Male Female
Change 5.3% 4.0% 7.2%
2011 86.6% 90.3% 82.4%
2001 81.3% 86.3% 75.2%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
South Andaman 89 Port Blair 90 Garacharma 91
North & Middle Andaman 84 Ferrargunj 88 Prothrapur 90
Nicobars 78 Mayabunder 86 Port Blair 90
Rangat 84 Bambooflat 89
Little Andaman 83 Bakultala 83
Diglipur 82
Great Nicobar 80
Car Nicobar 79
Nancowry 75

Workers profile

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS has 40% (about 1.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 18% female population are working population. 51% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 9% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 13% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 40.1% 33.1% 7% 59.9%
Male 59.6% 51.1% 8.5% 40.4%
Female 17.8% 12.5% 5.3% 82.2%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
North & Middle Andaman 3736 Port Blair 17.9
South Andaman 2672 Bakultala 6
Nicobars 1841 Garacharma 5.9
Prothrapur 4.6
Bambooflat 3.6