Tamil Nadu State Urban Part, with population of about 3 crore is India's the 3rd most urban populous state. Total geographical area of Tamil Nadu state urban part is about 14 thousand km2 and it is the biggest urban state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 2561 persons per km2. There are 32 districts in the state, among them Chennai Urban is the most populous district with urban population of about 46.5 lakh and Ariyalur Urban is the least populous district with urban population of about 84 thousand. Coimbatore Urban is the biggest district in the state with an urban area of 1628 km2 and Ariyalur Urban is the smallest with 53 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 3 crore people, among them about 2 crore (50%) are male and about 2 crore (50%) are female. 85% of the whole population are from general caste, 14% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Tamil Nadu state urban part is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 90 lakh households in the state and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Urban population density of Tamil Nadu state urban part is 2561 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 34,917,440 29,820,053 4,962,970 134,417 3,512,530
Male 17,458,910 14,922,336 2,468,684 67,890 1,799,726
Female 17,458,530 14,897,717 2,494,286 66,527 1,712,804

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 82% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 9% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 8% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 995 in Muslims are 1006 and in Christians are 1041.

Religion wise population 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 34,917,440 28,639,906 3,235,657 2,819,715 10,452 7,901 79,181 4,827 119,801
Male 17,458,910 14,356,315 1,612,809 1,381,299 5,832 4,260 40,561 2,554 55,280
Female 17,458,530 14,283,591 1,622,848 1,438,416 4,620 3,641 38,620 2,273 64,521

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 27% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 28.2% which is 2.3% higher than male population growth rate of 25.9%. General caste population has increased by 25.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 39.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 34.2% and child population has increased by 17% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 27% 25.1% 39.9% 34.2% 17%
Male 25.9% 23.9% 39.2% 35.3% 17.2%
Female 28.2% 26.4% 40.5% 33% 16.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1000 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 998, in schedule caste is 1010 and in schedule tribe is 980. There are 952 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 18 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 3 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total General SC ST Child
Change 18 19 9 -17 -3
2011 1000 998 1010 980 952
2001 982 979 1001 997 955

Literacy

Total about 3 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 1 crore are male and about 1 crore are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of TAMIL NADU is 87%. 92% of male and 82% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total Male Female
Change 4.5% 2.8% 6.3%
2011 87% 91.8% 82.3%
2001 82.5% 89% 76%

Workers profile

TAMIL NADU has 40% (about 1 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 22% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 18% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Tamil Nadu

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 40.2% 36.1% 4.1% 59.8%
Male 58.5% 53.9% 4.6% 41.5%
Female 21.8% 18.3% 3.5% 78.2%