Tamil Nadu State Rural Part, with population of about 4 crore is India's the 8th most rural populous state. Total geographical area of Tamil Nadu state rural part is about 1.2 lakh km2 and it is the 11th biggest rural state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 320 persons per km2. There are 31 districts in the state, among them Viluppuram Rural is the most populous district with rural population of about 29.4 lakh and The Nilgiris Rural is the least populous district with rural population of about 3 lakh. Viluppuram Rural is the biggest district in the state with an rural area of 6993 km2 and Kanniyakumari Rural is the smallest with 1021 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 4 crore people, among them about 2 crore (50%) are male and about 2 crore (50%) are female. 73% of the whole population are from general caste, 25% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Tamil Nadu state rural part is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 95.3 lakh households in the state and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Rural population density of Tamil Nadu state rural part is 320 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 37,229,590 27,093,835 9,475,475 660,280 3,911,302
Male 18,679,065 13,609,884 4,736,003 333,178 2,020,550
Female 18,550,525 13,483,951 4,739,472 327,102 1,890,752

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 93% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Christians which contribute 4% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 3% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 990 in Christians are 1023 and in Muslims are 1043.

Religion wise population 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 37,229,590 34,548,262 993,822 1,598,616 4,149 3,285 10,084 2,587 68,785
Male 18,679,065 17,358,731 486,373 790,114 2,256 1,716 5,044 1,227 33,604
Female 18,550,525 17,189,531 507,449 808,502 1,893 1,569 5,040 1,360 35,181

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 6.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 6.7% which is 0.2% higher than male population growth rate of 6.5%. General caste population has increased by 4%; Schedule caste population has increased by 14%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 19.8% and child population has decreased by -7.6% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 6.6% 4% 14% 19.8% -7.6%
Male 6.5% 3.9% 13.9% 19.5% -7.7%
Female 6.7% 4% 14.2% 20.1% -7.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 993 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 991, in schedule caste is 1001 and in schedule tribe is 982. There are 936 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 1 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 3 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total General SC ST Child
Change 1 1 3 5 3
2011 993 991 1001 982 936
2001 992 990 998 977 933

Literacy

Total about 2 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 1 crore are male and about 1 crore are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of TAMIL NADU is 74%. 82% of male and 65% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 8%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Tamil Nadu

Total Male Female
Change 7.3% 4.9% 9.7%
2011 73.5% 82% 65%
2001 66.2% 77.1% 55.3%

Workers profile

TAMIL NADU has 51% (about 2 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 41% female population are working population. 51% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 9% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 31% of total female population are main and 10% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Tamil Nadu

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 50.7% 41.2% 9.5% 49.3%
Male 60% 51.1% 8.9% 40%
Female 41.2% 31.2% 10% 58.8%