Madhya Pradesh State, with population of about 7 crore is India's the 5th most populous state. Total geographical area of Madhya Pradesh state is about 3.1 lakh km2 and it is the 2nd biggest state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 236 persons per km2. There are 50 districts in the state, among them Indore is the most populous district with population of about 32.8 lakh and Harda is the least populous district with population of about 5.7 lakh. Chhindwara is the biggest district in the state with an area of about 12 thousand km2 and Bhopal is the smallest with 2772 km2.

There are 1 census towns in the state, those are - Amlai Census Town.

Demographics

The state is home to about 7 crore people, among them about 4 crore (52%) are male and about 4 crore (48%) are female. 63% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 21% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Madhya Pradesh state is 15%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 2 crore households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 72% (about 5 crore) live in Madhya Pradesh rural part and 28% (about 2 crore) population live in the Madhya Pradesh urban part. Rural population density of Madhya Pradesh state is 175 and urban population density is 2591 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Madhya Pradesh

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 72,626,809 45,967,705 11,342,320 15,316,784 10,809,395
Male 37,612,306 23,984,264 5,908,638 7,719,404 5,636,172
Female 35,014,503 21,983,441 5,433,682 7,597,380 5,173,223

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Madhya Pradesh

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Indore 3276697 Indore 2389511 Indore 1994397
Jabalpur 2463289 Huzur 2107523 Bhopal 1798218
Sagar 2378458 Gwalior (Gird) 1495487 Jabalpur 1081677
Bhopal 2371061 Jabalpur 1370673 Gwalior 1069276
Rewa 2365106 Sagar 823015 Ujjain 515215
Satna 2228935 Ujjain 672566 Dewas 289550
Dhar 2185793 Morena 625004 Satna 282977
Chhindwara 2090922 Dhar 578423 Satna 280222
Gwalior 2032036 Khandwa 558035 Sagar 274556
Ujjain 1986864 Ratlam 555259 Sagar 273296

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 91% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 7% of the total population all other religious communities contribute 2% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 929 in Muslims are 945

Religion wise population 2011 - Madhya Pradesh

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 72,626,809 66,007,121 4,774,695 213,282 151,412 216,052 567,028 599,594 97,625
Male 37,612,306 34,225,297 2,454,832 105,297 80,341 109,813 291,937 296,614 48,175
Female 35,014,503 31,781,824 2,319,863 107,985 71,071 106,239 275,091 302,980 49,450

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 20.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 6 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 21.1% which is 1.5% higher than male population growth rate of 19.6%. General caste population has increased by 18%; Schedule caste population has increased by 23.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 25.2% and child population has increased by 0.3% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Madhya Pradesh

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 20.3% 18% 23.9% 25.2% 0.3%
Male 19.6% 17.3% 23% 24.6% 1%
Female 21.1% 18.7% 24.9% 25.8% -0.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 931 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 917, in schedule caste is 920 and in schedule tribe is 984. There are 918 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 12 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 14 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Madhya Pradesh

Total General SC ST Child
Change 12 11 15 9 -14
2011 931 917 920 984 918
2001 919 906 905 975 932

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Madhya Pradesh

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Balaghat 1021 Ghughari 1042 Tirodi 1034
Alirajpur 1011 Paraswada 1036 Ukwa 1029
Mandla 1008 Katangi 1028 Malajkhand 1021
Dindori 1002 Baihar 1027 Bharveli 1021
Jhabua 990 Khairlanji 1027 Gogapur 1019
Barwani 982 Waraseoni 1019 Ghansaur 1018
Seoni 982 Kirnapur 1019 Kirnapur 1017
Anuppur 976 Niwas 1019 Waraseoni 1013
Shahdol 974 Tirodi 1016 Waraseoni 1012
Betul 971 Balaghat 1015 Bhavra 1001

Literacy

Total about 4 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 3 crore are male and about 2 crore are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of MADHYA PRADESH is 69%. 79% of male and 59% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Madhya Pradesh

Total Male Female
Change 5.6% 2.6% 8.9%
2011 69.3% 78.7% 59.2%
2001 63.7% 76.1% 50.3%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Madhya Pradesh

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Jabalpur 81 Jabalpur 86 Vehicle Factory Area Jabalpur 93
Indore 81 Indore 84 Jabalpur Cantt 92
Bhopal 80 Hoshangabad 84 Balaghat 91
Balaghat 77 Sagar 83 Bhilakhedi 91
Gwalior 77 Balaghat 82 Sangvi 91
Sagar 76 Huzur 82 GCF Jabalpur 91
Narsimhapur 76 Sausar 82 Ordnance Factory Khamaria 90
Hoshangabad 75 Panagar 81 Seoni 90
Bhind 75 Chhindwara 81 Ordnance Factory Itarsi 90
Raisen 73 Ujjain 81 Chicholi 90

Workers profile

MADHYA PRADESH has 43% (about 3 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 54% male and 33% female population are working population. 44% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 10% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 18% of total female population are main and 15% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Madhya Pradesh

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 43.5% 31.3% 12.2% 56.5%
Male 53.6% 43.5% 10.1% 46.4%
Female 32.6% 18.1% 14.5% 67.4%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Madhya Pradesh

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Chhindwara 11815 Bhopal 285.9
Sagar 10252 Singrauli 284.5
Shivpuri 10066 Gwalior 173.7
Betul 10043 Indore 172.4
Balaghat 9229 Jabalpur 152.5
Seoni 8758 Rewa 102
Chhatarpur 8687 Dewas 100.2
Raisen 8466 Ujjain 92.7
Dhar 8153 Chandia 88
Khargone (West Nimar) 8025 Chitrakoot 83