Odisha State Rural Part, with population of about 3 crore is India's the 9th most rural populous state. Total geographical area of Odisha state rural part is about 1.5 lakh km2 and it is the 9th biggest rural state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 230 persons per km2. There are 30 districts in the state, among them Ganjam Rural is the most populous district with rural population of about 27.6 lakh and Debagarh Rural is the least populous district with rural population of about 2.9 lakh. Mayurbhanj Rural is the biggest district in the state with an rural area of about 10 thousand km2 and Jagatsinghapur Rural is the smallest with 1621 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 3 crore people, among them about 2 crore (50%) are male and about 2 crore (50%) are female. 56% of the whole population are from general caste, 18% are from schedule caste and 26% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Odisha state rural part is 13%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 80.9 lakh households in the state and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Rural population density of Odisha state rural part is 230 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Odisha

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 34,970,562 19,756,953 6,218,642 8,994,967 4,525,870
Male 17,586,203 10,029,962 3,127,719 4,428,522 2,325,832
Female 17,384,359 9,726,991 3,090,923 4,566,445 2,200,038

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 94% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Christians which contribute 3% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 1% population all other religious communities contribute 2% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 987 in Christians are 1033 and in Muslims are 986

Religion wise population 2011 - Odisha

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 34,970,562 32,954,796 501,056 975,101 5,102 11,726 3,154 461,854 57,773
Male 17,586,203 16,587,340 252,294 479,725 2,671 6,119 1,620 227,641 28,793
Female 17,384,359 16,367,456 248,762 495,376 2,431 5,607 1,534 234,213 28,980

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 11.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 11.9% which is 0.2% higher than male population growth rate of 11.7%. General caste population has increased by 8.5%; Schedule caste population has increased by 15.6%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 16.8% and child population has decreased by -3.6% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Odisha

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11.8% 8.5% 15.6% 16.8% -3.6%
Male 11.7% 9% 15.3% 15.4% -3.2%
Female 11.9% 7.9% 15.9% 18.3% -4.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 989 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 970, in schedule caste is 988 and in schedule tribe is 1031. There are 946 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 2 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 9 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Odisha

Total General SC ST Child
Change 2 -10 5 25 -9
2011 989 970 988 1031 946
2001 987 980 983 1006 955

Literacy

Total about 2 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 1 crore are male and about 92.2 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of ODISHA is 70%. 80% of male and 61% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 10%. Male literacy has gone up by 7% and female literacy rate has gone up by 14%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Odisha

Total Male Female
Change 10.4% 6.7% 14.0%
2011 70.2% 79.6% 60.7%
2001 59.8% 72.9% 46.7%

Workers profile

ODISHA has 43% (about 2 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 57% male and 30% female population are working population. 40% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 16% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 9% of total female population are main and 21% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Odisha

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 43.2% 24.7% 18.5% 56.8%
Male 56.5% 40.1% 16.5% 43.5%
Female 29.7% 9.1% 20.6% 70.3%