Punjab State, with population of about 3 crore is India's the 14th least populous state. Total geographical area of Punjab state is about 50 thousand km2 and it is the 10th smallest state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 551 persons per km2. There are 20 districts in the state, among them Ludhiana is the most populous district with population of about 35 lakh and Barnala is the least populous district with population of about 6 lakh. Firozpur is the biggest district in the state with an area of 5305 km2 and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar is the smallest with 1094 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 3 crore people, among them about 1 crore (53%) are male and about 1 crore (47%) are female. 68% of the whole population are from general caste, 32% are from schedule caste. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Punjab state is 11%, among them 54% are boys and 46% are girls. There are about 55.1 lakh households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 63% (about 2 crore) live in Punjab rural part and 37% (about 1 crore) population live in the Punjab urban part. Rural population density of Punjab state is 362 and urban population density is 4136 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Punjab

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 27,743,338 18,883,159 8,860,179 0 3,076,219
Male 14,639,465 9,999,590 4,639,875 0 1,665,994
Female 13,103,873 8,883,569 4,220,304 0 1,410,225

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Punjab

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Ludhiana 3498739 Ludhiana (East) 1934225 Ludhiana (M Corp.) 1618879
Amritsar 2490656 Amritsar- II 1415214 Amritsar 1159227
Gurdaspur 2298323 Jalandhar - I 1145692 Amritsar (M Corp.) 1132383
Jalandhar 2193590 Patiala 859786 Jalandhar 868929
Firozpur 2029074 Gurdaspur 821539 Jalandhar (M Corp.) 862886
Patiala 1895686 Bathinda 755926 Patiala (M Corp. + OG) 446246
Sangrur 1655169 Batala 675891 Patiala (M Corp.) 406192
Hoshiarpur 1586625 Pathankot 622412 Bathinda (M Corp.) 285788
Bathinda 1388525 Moga 599488 Hoshiarpur (M Cl) 168653
Tarn Taran 1119627 Firozpur 567191 S.A.S. Nagar (Mohali) (M Cl + OG) 166864

Religion wise distribution of population

Sikhs contribute 58% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Hindus which contribute 38% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 2% population all other religious communities contribute 2% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Sikhs are 906 in Hindus are 879 and in Muslims are 862

Religion wise population 2011 - Punjab

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 27,743,338 10,678,138 535,489 348,230 16,004,754 33,237 45,040 10,886 87,564
Male 14,639,465 5,683,894 287,534 182,041 8,395,797 17,176 23,560 5,735 43,728
Female 13,103,873 4,994,244 247,955 166,189 7,608,957 16,061 21,480 5,151 43,836

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 13.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 2 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 15.2% which is 2.5% higher than male population growth rate of 12.7%. General caste population has increased by 9%; Schedule caste population has increased by 26.1% and child population has decreased by -3% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Punjab

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13.9% 9% 26.1% 0% -3%
Male 12.7% 7.9% 24.9% 0% -5.5%
Female 15.2% 10.2% 27.3% 0% 0.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 895 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 888, in schedule caste is 910. There are 846 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 19 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 48 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Punjab

Total General SC ST Child
Change 19 19 18 0 48
2011 895 888 910 0 846
2001 876 869 892 0 798

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Punjab

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Hoshiarpur 961 Mukerian 978 Aur (CT) 1011
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar 954 Dasua 976 Begowal (NP) 999
Jalandhar 915 Bhulath 973 Rakri (CT) 968
Rupnagar 915 Garhshankar 966 Urmar Tanda (M Cl) 962
Kapurthala 912 Nawanshahr 966 Behrampur (CT) 961
Tarn Taran 900 Nakodar 950 Sansarpur (CT) 958
Muktsar 896 Phillaur 949 Akalgarh (CT) 956
Gurdaspur 895 Shahkot 947 Khothran (CT) 954
Moga 893 Nangal 947 Banga (M Cl) 952
Firozpur 893 Hoshiarpur 939 Gardhiwala (M Cl) 950

Literacy

Total about 2 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 1 crore are male and about 82.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of PUNJAB is 76%. 80% of male and 71% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 8%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Punjab

Total Male Female
Change 6.1% 5.2% 7.3%
2011 75.8% 80.4% 70.7%
2001 69.7% 75.2% 63.4%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Punjab

Workers profile

PUNJAB has 36% (about 99 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 14% female population are working population. 50% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 6% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 9% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Punjab

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 35.7% 30.5% 5.2% 64.3%
Male 55.2% 49.6% 5.5% 44.8%
Female 13.9% 9.1% 4.9% 86.1%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Punjab

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Firozpur 5305 Ludhiana (M Corp.) 159.4
Sangrur 3625 Amritsar (M Corp.) 136
Ludhiana 3578 Amritsar 136
Gurdaspur 3551 Jalandhar (M Corp.) 101.4
Hoshiarpur 3386 Jalandhar 101.4
Bathinda 3353 Patiala (M Corp. + OG) 70
Patiala 3325 Patiala (M Corp.) 70
Amritsar 2683 Bathinda (M Corp.) 68.5
Jalandhar 2624 Batala (M Cl + OG) 36.6
Muktsar 2593 Batala (M Cl) 36.6