Theni District, with population of about 12.5 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 5th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Theni district is 2868 km2 and it is the 8th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 434 persons per km2. There are 5 sub districts in the district, among them Uthamapalayam is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.4 lakh and Bodinayakanur is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.8 lakh.

There are 6 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Theni Allinagaram, Bodinayakanur, Kambam, Periyakulam and Chinnamanur Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 12.5 lakh people, among them about 6.3 lakh (50%) are male and about 6.2 lakh (50%) are female. 79% of the whole population are from general caste, 21% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Theni district is 10%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 3.4 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 54% (about 6.7 lakh) live in Theni District urban part and 46% (about 5.8 lakh) population live in the Theni District rural part. Rural population density of Theni district is 224 and urban population density is 2255 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Theni

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,245,899 985,864 258,200 1,835 119,661
Male 625,683 494,829 129,900 954 61,873
Female 620,216 491,035 128,300 881 57,788

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Theni

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Uthamapalayam 435069 Myaladumparai 29731 Theni Allinagaram 94453
Periyakulam 217358 Kadamalaikundu 23650 Bodinayakanur 75675
Andipatti 212700 Koduvilarpatty 21119 Kambam 68090
Theni 199983 Timmarasanayakkanur 20218 Periyakulam 42976
Bodinayakanur 180789 Andipatti 17959 Chinnamanur 42305
Jeyamangalam 16706 Gudalur 41915
Royappanpatti 15886 Uthamapalayam 29050
Thamarai Kulam 15271 Andipatti Jakkampatti 27287
Narayanathevanpatti 14622 Devadanapatti 19285
Ammapatti (Bodi) 13598 Veerapandi 16158

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 92% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 5% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 3% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 988 in Muslims are 1013 and in Christians are 1042.

Religion wise population 2011 - Theni

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,245,899 1,148,990 56,751 37,574 152 79 28 74 2,251
Male 625,683 577,839 28,189 18,404 83 43 14 41 1,070
Female 620,216 571,151 28,562 19,170 69 36 14 33 1,181

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 13.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 10.9 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 14.7% which is 1.6% higher than male population growth rate of 13.1%. General caste population has increased by 12%; Schedule caste population has increased by 21.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 8.8% and child population has decreased by -5.1% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Theni

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13.9% 12% 21.9% 8.8% -5.1%
Male 13.1% 11.2% 21.3% 11.6% -7.2%
Female 14.7% 12.8% 22.6% 6% -2.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 991 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 992, in schedule caste is 988 and in schedule tribe is 923. There are 934 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 13 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 43 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Theni

Total General SC ST Child
Change 13 14 11 -49 43
2011 991 992 988 923 934
2001 978 978 977 972 891

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Theni

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Uthamapalayam 1004 Genguvarpatty 1079 Kamayagoundanpatti 1058
Bodinayakanur 999 Narayanathevanpatti 1048 Kuchanur 1045
Theni 993 Govindanagaram 1042 Kombai 1030
Periyakulam 978 Upparpatty 1038 Bodinayakanur 1018
Andipatti 972 Kottapatti 1034 Thevaram 1015
G. Usilampatti 1033 Pannaipuram 1015
Rajadhani 1029 Periyakulam 1013
Pottipuram 1019 Kambam 1012
Bodinayackanur 1017 Odaipatti 1010
Kodaluthu 1016 Uthamapalayam 1009

Literacy

Total about 8.7 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 4.8 lakh are male and about 3.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Theni is 77%. 85% of male and 69% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 8%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Theni

Total Male Female
Change 5.7% 3.1% 8.3%
2011 77.3% 85% 69.5%
2001 71.6% 81.9% 61.2%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Theni

Workers profile

Theni has 47% (about 5.9 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 36% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 31% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Theni

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 47.5% 42.6% 4.9% 52.5%
Male 59% 54% 4.9% 41%
Female 35.9% 31% 4.9% 64.1%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Theni