Kottayam District, with population of about 19.7 lakh is Kerala's the 5th least populous district, located in the state Kerala in India. Total geographical area of Kottayam district is 2206 km2 and it is the 5th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 895 persons per km2. There are 5 sub districts in the district, among them Kottayam is the most populous sub district with population of about 6.3 lakh and Kanjirappally is the least populous sub district with population of about 2.7 lakh.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Kottayam, Changanassery, Vaikom and Palai Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 19.7 lakh people, among them about 9.7 lakh (49%) are male and about 10.1 lakh (51%) are female. 91% of the whole population are from general caste, 8% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Kottayam district is 9%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 4.9 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 71% (about 14.1 lakh) live in Kottayam District rural part and 29% (about 5.7 lakh) population live in the Kottayam District urban part. Rural population density of Kottayam district is 729 and urban population density is 2066 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Kottayam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,974,551 1,798,670 153,909 21,972 174,486
Male 968,289 881,812 75,503 10,974 88,823
Female 1,006,262 916,858 78,406 10,998 85,663

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Kottayam

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Kottayam 631885 Erumeli South 43437 Kottayam 55374
Meenachil 406471 Erumeli North 40511 Changanassery 47685
Changanassery 355736 Kurichy 35815 Panachikkad 43595
Vaikom 310414 Pampady 35627 Perumbaikad 42839
Kanjirappally 270045 Madappally 35176 Athirampuzha 40438
Manarcad 33501 Nattakam 38599
Kanjirappally 32680 Erattupetta 34814
Chirakkadavu 29717 Aimanam 34470
Ayarkunnam 28718 Thrikkodithanam 33819
Kooroppada 25999 Puthuppally 29635

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 50% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 43% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 6% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1039 in Christians are 1042 and in Muslims are 1025.

Religion wise population 2011 - Kottayam

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,974,551 983,598 126,499 858,608 204 358 83 565 4,636
Male 968,289 482,473 62,463 420,443 113 176 48 327 2,246
Female 1,006,262 501,125 64,036 438,165 91 182 35 238 2,390

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 1.1% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 19.5 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 1.8% which is 1.5% higher than male population growth rate of 0.3%. General caste population has increased by 0.8%; Schedule caste population has increased by 2.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 19.8% and child population has decreased by -17.9% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Kottayam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1.1% 0.8% 2.4% 19.8% -17.9%
Male 0.3% -0% 2.2% 22.3% -18%
Female 1.8% 1.5% 2.6% 17.4% -17.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1039 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1040, in schedule caste is 1038 and in schedule tribe is 1002. There are 964 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 14 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 2 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Kottayam

Total General SC ST Child
Change 14 16 4 -42 2
2011 1039 1040 1038 1002 964
2001 1025 1024 1034 1044 962

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Kottayam

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Changanassery 1063 Changanassery 1095 Changanassery 1087
Kottayam 1044 Vakathanam 1078 Kottayam 1075
Kanjirappally 1040 Chengalam East 1075 Chethipuzha 1073
Vaikom 1035 Karukachal 1075 Puthuppally 1072
Meenachil 1015 Vaikom 1072 Vijayapuram 1069
Muttampalam 1065 Paippad 1067
Nedumkunnam 1064 Perumbaikad 1059
Kangazha 1062 Aimanam 1057
Manimala 1061 Vaikom 1055
Naduvile 1061 Nattakam 1053

Literacy

Total about 17.5 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 8.6 lakh are male and about 8.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Kottayam is 97%. 98% of male and 96% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has decreased by 1%. Male literacy has gone down by 1% and female literacy rate has gone up by 2%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Kottayam

Total Male Female
Change 1.4% 0.7% 2.1%
2011 97.2% 98% 96.5%
2001 95.8% 97.3% 94.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Kottayam

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Changanassery 98 Veloor 99 Puthuppally 98
Kottayam 98 Cheruvally 99 Nattakam 98
Meenachil 97 Muttampalam 99 Chengalam South 98
Kanjirappally 97 Meenadam 98 Thrikkodithanam 98
Vaikom 96 Kothanalloor 98 Vijayapuram 98
Bharananganam 98 Panachikkad 98
Thottackad 98 Chethipuzha 98
Nedumkunnam 98 Paippad 98
Vazhoor 98 Ettumanoor 98
Vakathanam 98 Palai 98

Workers profile

Kottayam has 37% (about 7.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 20% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 7% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 14% of total female population are main and 6% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Kottayam

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 37.3% 30.6% 6.6% 62.7%
Male 54.8% 47.9% 6.9% 45.2%
Female 20.4% 14% 6.4% 79.6%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Kottayam

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Erumeli South 82 Aimanam 29.3
Poonjar Thekkekara 55.6 Panachikkad 23
Erumeli North 55.1 Puthuppally 22.4
Kumarakam 52.1 Nattakam 22.3
Kondoor 41 Athirampuzha 20.3
Mundakayam 41 Erattupetta 18.3
Manimala 37.4 Palai 16.1
Poonjar Vadakkekara 35.7 Ettumanoor 16
Ramapuram 33.3 Kottayam 16
Kanjirappally 32.6 Perumbaikad 14