Osmanabad District, with population of about 16.6 lakh is Maharashtra's the 10th least populous district, located in the state Maharashtra in India. Total geographical area of Osmanabad district is 7569 km2 and it is the 15th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 219 persons per km2. There are 8 sub districts in the district, among them Osmanabad is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.1 lakh and Washi is the least populous sub district with population of about 92 thousand.

There are 8 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Osmanabad, Umarga, Tuljapur, Kalamb and Paranda Municipal Councils (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 16.6 lakh people, among them about 8.6 lakh (52%) are male and about 8 lakh (48%) are female. 82% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Osmanabad district is 12%, among them 54% are boys and 46% are girls. There are about 3.5 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 83% (about 13.8 lakh) live in Osmanabad District rural part and 17% (about 2.8 lakh) population live in the Osmanabad District urban part. Rural population density of Osmanabad district is 185 and urban population density is 2179 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Osmanabad

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,657,576 1,356,353 265,184 36,039 207,096
Male 861,535 706,612 136,354 18,569 110,919
Female 796,041 649,741 128,830 17,470 96,177

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Osmanabad

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Osmanabad 405736 Washi 15431 Osmanabad 111825
Tuljapur 278879 Dhoki 15303 Umarga 35477
Umarga 269519 Ter 12479 Tuljapur 34011
Kalamb 217687 Andur 11630 Kalamb 25713
Paranda 140148 Bembli 11339 Paranda 18758
Bhum 136745 Jewali 10886 Bhum 18561
Lohara 116712 Yedsi 10335 Murum 18371
Washi 92150 Shiradhon 9452 Naldurg 18341
Diksal 9361
Tadwala K. 9170

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 87% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 11% of the total population and Buddhists are the third largest religious community here with 2% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 920 in Muslims are 952 and in Buddhists are 928.

Religion wise population 2011 - Osmanabad

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,657,576 1,437,623 178,925 942 340 28,216 4,530 195 6,805
Male 861,535 748,657 91,644 465 187 14,633 2,352 92 3,505
Female 796,041 688,966 87,281 477 153 13,583 2,178 103 3,300

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 11.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 14.9 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 11% which is -1% lower than male population growth rate of 12%. General caste population has increased by 11.8%; Schedule caste population has increased by 7.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 29.4% and child population has decreased by -7.2% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Osmanabad

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11.5% 11.8% 7.9% 29.4% -7.2%
Male 12% 12.5% 7.7% 28.3% -5.9%
Female 11% 11.1% 8.1% 30.5% -8.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 924 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 920, in schedule caste is 945 and in schedule tribe is 941. There are 867 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 8 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 27 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Osmanabad

Total General SC ST Child
Change -8 -10 3 16 -27
2011 924 920 945 941 867
2001 932 930 942 925 894

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Osmanabad

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Umarga 949 Bornadwadi 1333 Murum 959
Lohara 937 Dudhanal 1085 Umarga 956
Osmanabad 925 Ghattewadi 1058 Paranda 941
Tuljapur 925 Dahitna 1048 Tuljapur 935
Washi 917 Dawal Malikwadi 1044 Osmanabad 934
Kalamb 914 Morda 1041 Naldurg 927
Bhum 905 Kakrambawadi 1035 Bhum 919
Paranda 902 Kadamapur 1034 Kalamb 901
Manegopal 1032
Palasgaon 1025

Literacy

Total about 11.4 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 6.4 lakh are male and about 4.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Osmanabad is 78%. 86% of male and 71% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 6% and female literacy rate has gone up by 14%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Osmanabad

Total Male Female
Change 9.4% 5.4% 13.6%
2011 78.4% 85.8% 70.5%
2001 69% 80.4% 56.9%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Osmanabad

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Osmanabad 81 Bornadwadi 100 Osmanabad 89
Kalamb 81 Wakdi Istal 92 Tuljapur 87
Washi 78 Satvaiwadi 89 Kalamb 86
Umarga 78 Malumbra 88 Bhum 85
Tuljapur 77 Dhorala 87 Umarga 84
Lohara 77 Diksal 87 Naldurg 84
Bhum 76 Naldurg 87 Paranda 84
Paranda 75 Borwanti 87 Murum 81
Thodsarwadi 86
Shekapur 86

Workers profile

Osmanabad has 47% (about 7.7 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 38% female population are working population. 51% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 4% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 33% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Osmanabad

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 46.7% 42.3% 4.3% 53.3%
Male 55% 51.3% 3.7% 45%
Female 37.7% 32.7% 5% 62.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Osmanabad

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Andur 66.4 Osmanabad 94.1
Washi 53 Naldurg 11.7
Shiradhon 52.5 Bhum 4.6
Katgaon 51.3 Paranda 4.5
Kandari 49.8 Tuljapur 4.2
Sawargaon 49.1 Murum 3.6
Kati 47.3 Umarga 3.2
Para 46 Kalamb 3.2
Ieet 45.8
Anala 43.1