Purba Medinipur District, with population of about 51 lakh is West Bengal's the 8th most populous district, located in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Purba Medinipur district is 4713 km2 and it is the 8th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1081 persons per km2. There are 25 sub districts in the district, among them Kolaghat is the most populous sub district with population of about 2.9 lakh and Haldia is the least populous sub district with population of about 98 thousand.

There are 5 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Haldia, Contai, Tamluk, Panskura and Egra Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 51 lakh people, among them about 26.3 lakh (52%) are male and about 24.7 lakh (48%) are female. 85% of the whole population are from general caste, 15% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Purba Medinipur district is 12%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 11.1 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 88% (about 45 lakh) live in Purba Medinipur District rural part and 12% (about 5.9 lakh) population live in the Purba Medinipur District urban part. Rural population density of Purba Medinipur district is 1003 and urban population density is 2642 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Purba Medinipur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 5,095,875 4,322,489 745,434 27,952 587,654
Male 2,629,834 2,231,920 383,718 14,196 301,989
Female 2,466,041 2,090,569 361,716 13,756 285,665

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Purba Medinipur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Kolaghat 290124 Jalpai 19447 Haldia 200827
Panskura 283303 Kismat Bajkul 17964 Contai 92226
Nanda Kumar 262998 Saorabere Jalpai (P) 14774 Tamluk 65306
Bhagawanpur - I 234432 Lakhi 13109 Panskura 57932
Moyna 226927 Dubda 12885 Egra 30148
Tamluk 217776 Bar Godagudar 11660 Kolaghat 25191
Nandigram - I 207835 Kamarda 11658 Amalhara 14261
Mahisadal 206277 Derya Chak 11358 Shantipur 9746
Sahid Matangini 199210 Natshal 11331 Mihitikri 6906
Bhagawanpur - II 192162 Srirampur 10906 Benudia 6797

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 85% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 15% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 937 in Muslims are 943.

Religion wise population 2011 - Purba Medinipur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 5,095,875 4,343,972 743,436 2,648 746 317 574 359 3,823
Male 2,629,834 2,242,672 382,646 1,424 392 157 293 197 2,053
Female 2,466,041 2,101,300 360,790 1,224 354 160 281 162 1,770

Growth of population

Population of the district has decreased by -47% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 96.1 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is -47.5% which is -1% lower than male population growth rate of -46.5%. General caste population has decreased by -40.3%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -52.7%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -96.5% and child population has decreased by -57.4% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Purba Medinipur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -47% -40.3% -52.7% -96.5% -57.4%
Male -46.5% -39.8% -52.2% -96.5% -57.3%
Female -47.5% -40.7% -53.3% -96.5% -57.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 938 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 937, in schedule caste is 943 and in schedule tribe is 969. There are 946 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 17 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 5 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Purba Medinipur

Total General SC ST Child
Change -17 -13 -23 -8 -5
2011 938 937 943 969 946
2001 955 950 966 977 951

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Purba Medinipur

Literacy

Total about 39.2 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 21.5 lakh are male and about 17.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Purba Medinipur is 87%. 92% of male and 81% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 12%. Male literacy has gone up by 7% and female literacy rate has gone up by 17%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Purba Medinipur

Total Male Female
Change 12.1% 7.4% 17.0%
2011 87% 92.3% 81.4%
2001 74.9% 84.9% 64.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Purba Medinipur

Workers profile

Purba Medinipur has 37% (about 19.1 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 16% female population are working population. 38% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 20% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 5% of total female population are main and 11% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Purba Medinipur

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 37.5% 22.1% 15.4% 62.5%
Male 57.6% 38% 19.6% 42.4%
Female 16% 5.2% 10.8% 84%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Purba Medinipur

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Dubda 18.7 Haldia 109.7
Jalpai 15.9 Panskura 19.9
Kismat Bajkul 15.4 Tamluk 17.9
Paniparul 14.8 Egra 17.2
Nakchira Char 14.4 Contai 14.3
Saorabere Jalpai (P) 11.6 Kolaghat 6.1
Lakhi 10.5 Amalhara 4.5
Dekhali 10.3 Erashal 3.8
Dakshin Purushottampur 9.9 Barda 3.3
Chhatri 9.8 Ashadtalya 2.9