Paschim Medinipur District, with population of about 59.1 lakh is West Bengal's the 4th most populous district, located in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Paschim Medinipur district is 9368 km2 and it is the 2nd biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 631 persons per km2. There are 29 sub districts in the district, among them Keshpur is the most populous sub district with population of about 3.4 lakh and Gopiballavpur - II is the least populous sub district with population of about 1 lakh.

There are 8 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Kharagpur, Medinipur, Jhargram, Ghatal and Chandrakona Municipalities (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The district is home to about 59.1 lakh people, among them about 30.1 lakh (51%) are male and about 29.1 lakh (49%) are female. 66% of the whole population are from general caste, 19% are from schedule caste and 15% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Paschim Medinipur district is 12%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 13 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 88% (about 51.9 lakh) live in Paschim Medinipur District rural part and 12% (about 7.2 lakh) population live in the Paschim Medinipur District urban part. Rural population density of Paschim Medinipur district is 569 and urban population density is 2853 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Paschim Medinipur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 5,913,457 3,905,173 1,128,269 880,015 685,012
Male 3,007,885 1,997,929 570,125 439,831 349,031
Female 2,905,572 1,907,244 558,144 440,184 335,981

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Paschim Medinipur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Keshpur 339248 Chanipat 16345 Kharagpur 207604
Narayangarh 302620 Sabra 16280 Medinipur 169264
Debra 288619 Jot Ghanashyam 15200 Kharagpur Rly. Settlement 82735
Sabang 270492 Sabang 13224 Jhargram 61712
Kharagpur - I 258040 Anandapur 11461 Ghatal 54591
Daspur - II 238529 Maligram 11337 Chandrakona 23629
Garbeta - I 228513 Bishnupur 8678 Ramjibanpur 19611
Ghatal 219555 Mansukha 8583 Kshirpai 16384
Daspur - I 203987 Keshiari 7706 Balichak 13784
Pingla 194809 Ranichak 7408 Kharar 12118

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 86% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 10% of the total population all other religious communities contribute 4% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 967 in Muslims are 957

Religion wise population 2011 - Paschim Medinipur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 5,913,457 5,056,953 620,554 23,287 2,854 2,019 1,550 184,278 21,962
Male 3,007,885 2,571,092 317,100 11,359 1,486 1,008 808 91,418 13,614
Female 2,905,572 2,485,861 303,454 11,928 1,368 1,011 742 92,860 8,348

Growth of population

Population of the district has decreased by -38.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 96.1 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is -38.1% which is 0.7% higher than male population growth rate of -38.8%. General caste population has decreased by -46%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -28.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 10.2% and child population has decreased by -50.4% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Paschim Medinipur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -38.5% -46% -28.4% 10.2% -50.4%
Male -38.8% -46.2% -28.9% 8.9% -50.7%
Female -38.1% -45.9% -27.9% 11.5% -50.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 966 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 955, in schedule caste is 979 and in schedule tribe is 1001. There are 963 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 11 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 12 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Paschim Medinipur

Total General SC ST Child
Change 11 5 13 24 12
2011 966 955 979 1001 963
2001 955 950 966 977 951

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Paschim Medinipur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Binpur - II 990 Dangar Bila 6000 Balichak 1047
Nayagram 988 Beldanga 4000 Deuli 1016
Debra 983 Sitabhola 3500 Shilda 1001
Salbani 982 Pindra Sol 3333 Kharagpur Rly. Settlement 999
Kharagpur - II 982 Arjjuni 3000 Jhargram 999
Sankrail 982 Phutibaria 3000 Naba Kola 995
Jhargram 979 Biji 3000 Medinipur 992
Binpur - I 978 Hatibari 2925 Kshirpai 985
Narayangarh 975 Baradanga Or Barsol 2667 Garbeta 983
Keshiary 974 Chounrichak 2500 Kharar 979

Literacy

Total about 40.8 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 22.7 lakh are male and about 18.1 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Paschim Medinipur is 78%. 85% of male and 70% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 3%. Male literacy has gone down by 0% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Paschim Medinipur

Total Male Female
Change 3.1% 0.4% 6.1%
2011 78% 85.3% 70.5%
2001 74.9% 84.9% 64.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Paschim Medinipur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Sabang 87 Hatimara 100 Durllabhganj 91
Daspur - II 86 Kia Gerya 100 Ghatal 89
Daspur - I 84 Nalkhalia 100 Medinipur 89
Pingla 84 Krishnasol 100 Jhargram 89
Dantan - II 82 Harenagar 100 Deuli 88
Debra 82 Arjjunbani 100 Balichak 87
Ghatal 81 Kalyanchak 100 Kharagpur 86
Mohanpur 81 Sridhar Bherya 100 Kalaikunda 86
Chandrakona - I 79 Chakbaram 100 Kharar 86
Narayangarh 78 Gopal Chak 100 Ramjibanpur 84

Workers profile

Paschim Medinipur has 42% (about 25.1 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 26% female population are working population. 42% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 17% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 9% of total female population are main and 17% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Paschim Medinipur

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 42.4% 25.5% 16.9% 57.6%
Male 58.4% 41.6% 16.8% 41.6%
Female 25.9% 8.9% 17% 74.1%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Paschim Medinipur

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Jangal Khas 28.1 Kharagpur 90.7
Jangalkhas 19.1 Kharagpur Rly. Settlement 32.4
Sabra 15 Jhargram 21.4
Khasjangal 14.4 Medinipur 18.4
Jangal Khas 14 Chandrakona 16.6
Doarkhol 13 Ramjibanpur 15.8
Dhanghari 12.4 Kshirpai 11.7
Khas Jangal 12.1 Ghatal 10.4
Mahi Samura 11.9 Kharar 10.3
Tapoban 11.7 Chaulia 5.3