Bhojpur District, with population of about 27.3 lakh is Bihar's the 19th least populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Bhojpur district is 2395 km2 and it is the 19th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1139 persons per km2. There are 14 sub districts in the district, among them Arrah is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.6 lakh and Charpokhari is the least populous sub district with population of about 1 lakh.

There is only one city in the district that comes under the district administration which is Arrah Municipal Corporation.

Demographics

The district is home to about 27.3 lakh people, among them about 14.3 lakh (52%) are male and about 13 lakh (48%) are female. 84% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Bhojpur district is 17%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 4.2 lakh households in the district and an average 7 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 86% (about 23.4 lakh) live in Bhojpur District rural part and 14% (about 3.9 lakh) population live in the Bhojpur District urban part. Rural population density of Bhojpur district is 1012 and urban population density is 4654 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Bhojpur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 2,728,407 2,289,028 425,402 13,977 459,187
Male 1,430,380 1,200,301 222,716 7,363 239,364
Female 1,298,027 1,088,727 202,686 6,614 219,823

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Bhojpur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Arrah 462618 Babura 28412 Arrah 261430
Jagdishpur 263959 Khawaspur (Unsurveyed) 15074 Piro 33785
Piro 254911 Belaur 14713 Jagdishpur 32447
Barhara 240636 Danwan 14523 Behea 26707
Shahpur 212253 Baligaon 13976 Shahpur 17767
Koilwar 202175 Gunri 13910 Koilwar 17725
Tarari 182631 Jamira 13891
Behea 178429 Katar 13484
Udwant Nagar 157809 Aer 13305
Agiaon 148373 Sinha 13186

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 92% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 7% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 905 in Muslims are 934.

Religion wise population 2011 - Bhojpur

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 2,728,407 2,518,216 197,819 2,165 544 647 1,472 48 7,496
Male 1,430,380 1,321,631 102,282 1,111 274 333 739 23 3,987
Female 1,298,027 1,196,585 95,537 1,054 270 314 733 25 3,509

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 21.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 22.4 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 22% which is 0.7% higher than male population growth rate of 21.3%. General caste population has increased by 21%; Schedule caste population has increased by 23.8%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 67.7% and child population has increased by 8.5% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Bhojpur

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 21.6% 21% 23.8% 67.7% 8.5%
Male 21.3% 20.8% 22.8% 65.2% 9.7%
Female 22% 21.3% 24.9% 70.5% 7.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 907 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 907, in schedule caste is 910 and in schedule tribe is 898. There are 918 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 5 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 22 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Bhojpur

Total General SC ST Child
Change 5 4 16 27 -22
2011 907 907 910 898 918
2001 902 903 894 871 940

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Bhojpur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Sahar 966 Kariman ThakurKaDera (Ditto) 1452 Shahpur 935
Charpokhari 927 Bhikham Chak 1438 Behea 920
Tarari 926 Saniya Barahta 1435 Jagdishpur 905
Piro 922 Mahuli Khurd 1432 Piro 898
Agiaon 920 Lodipur 1364 Koilwar 889
Garhani 919 Turki 1281 Arrah 883
Behea 918 Waina 1223
Sandesh 912 Ram Karhi (Ditto) 1192
Udwant Nagar 910 Mangitpur 1167
Jagdishpur 909 Kusdehra 1156

Literacy

Total about 16 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 9.7 lakh are male and about 6.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Bhojpur is 70%. 82% of male and 58% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 11%. Male literacy has gone up by 8% and female literacy rate has gone up by 16%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Bhojpur

Total Male Female
Change 11.5% 7.4% 16.2%
2011 70.5% 81.7% 58%
2001 59% 74.3% 41.8%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Bhojpur

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Arrah 76 Kashi Dih 100 Arrah 81
Tarari 71 Garaiyan 100 Behea 78
Behea 71 Akurha 98 Piro 72
Koilwar 71 Kanu Dih 95 Shahpur 70
Piro 71 Kusdehra 95 Koilwar 70
Shahpur 70 Bhupauli 94 Jagdishpur 69
Udwant Nagar 69 Bansipur 92
Barhara 69 Mohanpur 91
Charpokhari 69 Keotiya 91
Agiaon 68 English 91

Workers profile

Bhojpur has 30% (about 8.2 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 45% male and 14% female population are working population. 30% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 14% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 8% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Bhojpur

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 30.1% 18.8% 11.4% 69.9%
Male 44.8% 30.4% 14.4% 55.2%
Female 14% 6% 8.1% 86%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Bhojpur

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Sheo Diara (Ditto) 35.5 Arrah 31
Danwan 20.5 Jagdishpur 25.6
Babura 18.4 Shahpur 11
Belaur 18.4 Piro 6.5
Baligaon 16.8 Koilwar 5.6
Bihta 15 Behea 4.1
Ekwari 12.8
Bargaon 12.5
Gunri 11.6
Kaunra 11.4