Darbhanga District, with population of about 39.4 lakh is Bihar's the 8th most populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Darbhanga district is 2279 km2 and it is the 16th smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1728 persons per km2. There are 18 sub districts in the district, among them Darbhanga is the most populous sub district with population of about 5.8 lakh and Kiratpur is the least populous sub district with population of about 81 thousand.

There is only one city in the district that comes under the district administration which is Darbhanga Municipal Corporation.

Demographics

The district is home to about 39.4 lakh people, among them about 20.6 lakh (52%) are male and about 18.8 lakh (48%) are female. 84% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Darbhanga district is 18%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 8 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 90% (about 35.5 lakh) live in Darbhanga District rural part and 10% (about 3.8 lakh) population live in the Darbhanga District urban part. Rural population density of Darbhanga district is 1607 and urban population density is 5676 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Darbhanga

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,937,385 3,318,925 615,688 2,772 725,482
Male 2,059,949 1,736,261 322,327 1,361 375,682
Female 1,877,436 1,582,664 293,361 1,411 349,800

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Darbhanga

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Darbhanga 577036 Jale 37256 Darbhanga 296039
Baheri 302645 Rarhi 36569 Benipur 75317
Biraul 286113 Haridih 32612 Padri 7566
Keotiranway 270722 Pakhram 28209 Bahadurpur 4406
Singhwara 267601 Saho 27390
Jale 264248 Sirnia 26767
Bahadurpur 261805 Rasiari 25253
Benipur 250357 Athar 24339
Manigachhi 228618 Raghopur 22403
Kusheshwar Asthan 162870 Baheri 21872

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 77% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 22% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 902 in Muslims are 944.

Religion wise population 2011 - Darbhanga

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,937,385 3,042,729 881,476 3,534 832 245 236 101 8,232
Male 2,059,949 1,599,397 453,444 1,813 410 131 119 55 4,580
Female 1,877,436 1,443,332 428,032 1,721 422 114 117 46 3,652

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 19.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 33 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 19.3% which is -0.3% lower than male population growth rate of 19.6%. General caste population has increased by 19.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 20.5%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 229.6% and child population has increased by 9.6% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Darbhanga

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 19.5% 19.2% 20.5% 229.6% 9.6%
Male 19.6% 19.3% 21.1% 191.4% 8.6%
Female 19.3% 19.1% 19.8% 277.3% 10.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 911 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 912, in schedule caste is 910 and in schedule tribe is 1037. There are 931 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has decreased by 3 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 16 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Darbhanga

Total General SC ST Child
Change -3 -1 -10 236 16
2011 911 912 910 1037 931
2001 914 913 920 801 915

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Darbhanga

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Jale 937 Mahua 2500 Benipur 912
Singhwara 935 Rampur Kasim 1385 Darbhanga 902
Gora Bauram 930 Khidarpura 1333 Bahadurpur 887
Alinagar 928 Az Rakbe Gobindpur 1319 Padri 877
Tardih 927 Urgawan 1313
Manigachhi 925 Dumri 1273
Ghanshyampur 920 Hasan Chak 1250
Kiratpur 918 Dalaur 1245
Kusheshwar Asthan 917 Banauli 1217
Benipur 916 Mirzapur Jitwara 1212

Literacy

Total about 18.2 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 11.3 lakh are male and about 6.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Darbhanga is 57%. 67% of male and 45% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 13%. Male literacy has gone up by 10% and female literacy rate has gone up by 14%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Darbhanga

Total Male Female
Change 12.3% 10.1% 14.4%
2011 56.6% 66.8% 45.2%
2001 44.3% 56.7% 30.8%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Darbhanga

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Darbhanga 68 Baghela 100 Darbhanga 79
Hayaghat 60 Khidarpura 100 Padri 78
Benipur 58 Mathia urf Madhopur 97 Bahadurpur 73
Manigachhi 58 Rampur Kasim 97 Benipur 60
Bahadurpur 58 Chakka 95
Tardih 57 Chak Mohiuddin 94
Baheri 57 Rasulpur Kalan 94
Hanumannagar 56 Dhanirampur 93
Singhwara 55 Hanuman Nagar 90
Keotiranway 54 Mahnauli 88

Workers profile

Darbhanga has 31% (about 12.2 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 46% male and 15% female population are working population. 30% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 16% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 9% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Darbhanga

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 31.1% 18.6% 12.5% 68.9%
Male 46% 30.1% 16% 54%
Female 14.7% 6% 8.7% 85.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Darbhanga

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Haridih 28.7 Benipur 46
Rarhi 28.6 Darbhanga 19.2
Rasiari 20.9 Padri 1.3
Athar 19.7 Bahadurpur 1
Jale 18.7
Saho 18.6
Kortho (Part in Alinagar) * 18.4
Pakhram 17.5
Mahinawan 15.8
Rampur Dih 15.2