Purnia District, with population of about 32.6 lakh is Bihar's the 13th most populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Purnia district is 3229 km2 and it is the 8th biggest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1011 persons per km2. There are 14 sub districts in the district, among them Purnia East is the most populous sub district with population of about 4.5 lakh and Srinagar is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.1 lakh.

There is only one city in the district that comes under the district administration which is Purnia Municipal Corporation.

Demographics

The district is home to about 32.6 lakh people, among them about 17 lakh (52%) are male and about 15.7 lakh (48%) are female. 84% of the whole population are from general caste, 12% are from schedule caste and 4% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Purnia district is 20%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 6.5 lakh households in the district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 89% (about 29.2 lakh) live in Purnia District rural part and 11% (about 3.4 lakh) population live in the Purnia District urban part. Rural population density of Purnia district is 942 and urban population density is 2676 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Purnia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,264,619 2,734,138 390,991 139,490 656,510
Male 1,699,370 1,424,778 203,201 71,391 335,955
Female 1,565,249 1,309,360 187,790 68,099 320,555

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Purnia

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Purnia East 445326 Dhamdaha 37987 Purnia 282248
Banmankhi 351415 Bhawanipur Rajdham 28649 Kasba 30421
Amour 290559 Goriar 26408 Banmankhi Bazar 30336
Dhamdaha 288084 Mogalia Purandaha 24908
Rupauli 234686 Koili Semra 22208
Krityanand Nagar 230504 Rupauli 20172
Baisi 227706 Bithnauli Khemchand 19662
Dagarua 221142 Khokha 19277
Barhara 209000 Ramnagar Pharsahi 18757
Baisa 193127 Kohbara urf Ramnagar 17605

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 61% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 38% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 913 in Muslims are 934.

Religion wise population 2011 - Purnia

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,264,619 1,989,420 1,255,641 7,989 614 353 1,450 650 8,502
Male 1,699,370 1,039,933 649,398 4,073 325 196 738 332 4,375
Female 1,565,249 949,487 606,243 3,916 289 157 712 318 4,127

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 28.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 25.4 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 28.8% which is 0.9% higher than male population growth rate of 27.9%. General caste population has increased by 29%; Schedule caste population has increased by 25.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 24.6% and child population has increased by 19.4% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Purnia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 28.3% 29% 25.3% 24.6% 19.4%
Male 27.9% 28.4% 26% 23.7% 20.2%
Female 28.8% 29.6% 24.6% 25.6% 18.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 921 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 919, in schedule caste is 924 and in schedule tribe is 954. There are 954 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 6 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 13 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Purnia

Total General SC ST Child
Change 6 8 -11 14 -13
2011 921 919 924 954 954
2001 915 911 935 940 967

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Purnia

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Baisi 935 Malepali 8000 Banmankhi Bazar 918
Kasba 932 Shikarpur 1500 Kasba 907
Jalalgarh 932 Arazi Pirganj 1438 Purnia 906
Krityanand Nagar 929 Sahawa 1321
Srinagar 928 Pokharia 1320
Baisa 928 Dargahiganj 1286
Dagarua 924 Agaganj 1226
Bhawanipur 923 Kashipur 1225
Amour 917 Sukhsena Milik 1223
Purnia East 916 Nemua 1214

Literacy

Total about 13.3 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 8.1 lakh are male and about 5.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Purnia is 51%. 59% of male and 42% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 16%. Male literacy has gone up by 13% and female literacy rate has gone up by 19%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Purnia

Total Male Female
Change 16.0% 13.5% 18.9%
2011 51.1% 59.1% 42.3%
2001 35.1% 45.6% 23.4%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Purnia

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Purnia East 65 Auraha Chakla 100 Banmankhi Bazar 74
Barhara 55 Khalwara 100 Purnia 73
Dhamdaha 53 Mogalia Purandaha Milik 98 Kasba 69
Banmankhi 52 Pipra 96
Krityanand Nagar 52 Rasulpur 92
Kasba 50 Sasri Istamrar Milik 91
Rupauli 50 Muradpur 86
Bhawanipur 48 Gararia 83
Jalalgarh 47 Piprachetan Parsad 83
Dagarua 46 Arbana Chakla 82

Workers profile

Purnia has 35% (about 11.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 47% male and 22% female population are working population. 35% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 12% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 11% of total female population are main and 11% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Purnia

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 35% 23.8% 11.2% 65%
Male 47.3% 35.3% 11.9% 52.7%
Female 21.7% 11.2% 10.5% 78.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Purnia

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Dhamdaha 40 Purnia 92.3
Mogalia Purandaha 33.7 Banmankhi Bazar 20.2
Goriar 26.9 Kasba 15.7
Bithnauli Khemchand 25.6
Ramnagar Pharsahi 22.5
Bhaua Parbal 21.8
Balua Kachhari 21.6
Ganeshpur 21.3
Kajha 21.2
Bhawanipur Rajdham 20.7