Sheohar District, with population of about 6.6 lakh is Bihar's the 2nd least populous district, located in the state Bihar in India. Total geographical area of Sheohar district is 349 km2 and it is the smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1880 persons per km2. There are 5 sub districts in the district, among them Tariani Chowk is the most populous sub district with population of about 2 lakh and Purnahiya is the least populous sub district with population of about 92 thousand.

Demographics

The district is home to about 6.6 lakh people, among them about 3.5 lakh (53%) are male and about 3.1 lakh (47%) are female. 85% of the whole population are from general caste, 15% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Sheohar district is 20%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 1.5 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 96% (about 6.3 lakh) live in Sheohar District rural part and 4% (about 28 thousand) population live in the Sheohar District urban part. Rural population density of Sheohar district is 1849 and urban population density is 3014 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Sheohar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 656,246 559,273 96,655 318 128,698
Male 346,673 295,407 51,089 177 66,728
Female 309,573 263,866 45,566 141 61,970

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Sheohar

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Tariani Chowk 197693 Amwa Kalan 25242 Sheohar 28116
Sheohar 155258 Maksudpur Kararia 13852
Piprarhi 117948 Naya Gaon 13808
Dumri Katsari 93398 Kursahar 12950
Purnahiya 91949 Hirauta Duma 12431
Basahia Shekh 12117
Chhapra 11914
Minapur Balha 10638
Kishunpur urf Narwara 10581
Sugia Karesri 9855

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 84% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Muslims which contribute 15% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 883 in Muslims are 943.

Religion wise population 2011 - Sheohar

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 656,246 552,492 99,342 522 216 73 52 44 3,505
Male 346,673 293,415 51,118 268 113 43 34 24 1,658
Female 309,573 259,077 48,224 254 103 30 18 20 1,847

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 27.2% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 5.2 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 27.8% which is 1.1% higher than male population growth rate of 26.7%. General caste population has increased by 26.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 29.9%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 396.9% and child population has increased by 20.9% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Sheohar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 27.2% 26.7% 29.9% 396.9% 20.9%
Male 26.7% 26.1% 29.7% 405.7% 20.1%
Female 27.8% 27.3% 30.2% 386.2% 21.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 893 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 893, in schedule caste is 892 and in schedule tribe is 797. There are 929 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 8 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 13 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Sheohar

Total General SC ST Child
Change 8 8 4 -32 13
2011 893 893 892 797 929
2001 885 885 888 829 916

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Sheohar

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Piprarhi 912 Fatehpur Ghaus 1057 Sheohar 889
Sheohar 891 Bhaluahi 1014
Purnahiya 891 Bhaluahi urf Pharuaha 1000
Dumri Katsari 889 Bishunpur Bindi 990
Tariani Chowk 886 Kasturia 984
Paharpur 973
Basahia Shekh 970
Jafarpur urf Sharifnagar 968
Rampur Khas 967
Kishunpur Narwara 959

Literacy

Total about 2.8 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 1.7 lakh are male and about 1.1 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Sheohar is 54%. 61% of male and 45% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 19%. Male literacy has gone up by 16% and female literacy rate has gone up by 21%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Sheohar

Total Male Female
Change 18.5% 16.0% 21.4%
2011 53.8% 61.3% 45.3%
2001 35.3% 45.3% 23.9%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Sheohar

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Sheohar 55 Bishunpur Fakira 81 Sheohar 62
Purnahiya 55 Bhaluahi urf Pharuaha 80
Dumri Katsari 54 Chhapra Gobindpur urf Gopinathpur 76
Tariani Chowk 53 Pachra Bansi 75
Piprarhi 52 Masha 74
Basahia Ram 74
Kurhani 72
Sugia Katesri Jagir 72
Umed Chhapra 72
Fatehpur 71

Workers profile

Sheohar has 33% (about 2.2 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 48% male and 16% female population are working population. 34% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 15% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 7% of total female population are main and 9% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Sheohar

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 33% 21% 12% 67%
Male 48.1% 33.5% 14.6% 51.9%
Female 16% 7% 9.1% 84%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Sheohar

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Amwa Kalan 13.5 Sheohar 9.3
Maksudpur Kararia 12.8
Chhapra 8.6
Kursahar 6.9
Chhatauni 6.8
Naya Gaon 6.8
Hirauta Duma 6.4
Adauri 6.3
Minapur Balha 6.1
Kishunpur urf Narwara 5.9