Gothan Census Town, with population of about 18 thousand is Merta sub district's the most populous census town located in Merta sub district of Nagaur district in the state Rajasthan in India. Total geographical area of Gothan census town is 25 km2 and it is the biggest census town by area in the sub district. Population density of the census town is 695 persons per km2. There is only one ward in this census town which is Gothan Ward No 01 and the population of Gothan Ward No 01 is about 18 thousand.

Nearest railway station is Gothan which is within the census town. Merta is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the census town is 32 km. District head quarter of the census town is Nagaur which is 80 km away. Jaipur is the state head quarter of the census town and is 250 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the census town is 322 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 46°C and minimum temperature goes down to 6°C.

Demographics

The census town is home to about 18 thousand people, among them 9083 (51%) are male and 8617 (49%) are female. 75% of the whole population are from general caste, 25% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Gothan census town is 14%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are 3305 households in the census town and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Gothan

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 17,700 13,198 4,380 122 2,556
Male 9,083 6,785 2,236 62 1,356
Female 8,617 6,413 2,144 60 1,200

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 88% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the census town followed by Muslims which contribute 10% of the total population and Jains are the third largest religious community here with 1% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 944 in Muslims are 962 and in Jains are 1091.

Religion wise population 2011 - Gothan

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 17,700 15,545 1,858 13 9 1 253 0 21
Male 9,083 7,998 947 6 4 1 121 0 6
Female 8,617 7,547 911 7 5 0 132 0 15

Growth of population

Population of the census town has increased by 18.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 15 thousand. Female population growth rate of the census town is 20.6% which is 3.9% higher than male population growth rate of 16.7%. General caste population has increased by 19%; Schedule caste population has increased by 16.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 79.4% and child population has decreased by -11.6% in the census town since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Gothan

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 18.6% 19% 16.3% 79.4% -11.6%
Male 16.7% 17.1% 14.2% 82.4% -10.2%
Female 20.6% 21% 18.5% 76.5% -13.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 949 females per 1000 male in the census town. Sex ratio in general caste is 945, in schedule caste is 959 and in schedule tribe is 968. There are 885 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the census town. Overall sex ratio in the census town has increased by 31 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 30 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Gothan

Total General SC ST Child
Change 31 30 35 -32 -30
2011 949 945 959 968 885
2001 918 915 924 1000 915

Literacy

Total about 10 thousand people in the census town are literate, among them 6389 are male and 3902 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Gothan is 68%. 83% of male and 53% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the census town has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 7% and female literacy rate has gone up by 12%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Gothan

Total Male Female
Change 8.8% 6.3% 12.1%
2011 68% 82.7% 52.6%
2001 59.2% 76.4% 40.5%

Workers profile

Gothan has 34% (5998) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 50% male and 17% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 2% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Gothan

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 33.9% 30.5% 3.4% 66.1%
Male 50.1% 47.8% 2.3% 49.9%
Female 16.8% 12.3% 4.5% 83.2%