Vellimalai Town Panchayat, with population of about 13 thousand is Kalkulam sub district's the 5th least populous town panchayat located in Kalkulam sub district of Kanniyakumari district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Vellimalai town panchayat is 3 km2 and it is the 3rd smallest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 4081 persons per km2. There are 15 wards in the city, among them Vellimalai Ward No 12 is the most populous ward with population of 1545 and Vellimalai Ward No 13 is the least populous ward with population of 309.

Nearest railway station is Nagercoil which is 12 km far from here. Kalkulam is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 12 km. District head quarter of the city is Nagercoil which is 16 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 766 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1142.4 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 33.5°C and minimum temperature goes down to 23.9°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 13 thousand people, among them 6632 (50%) are male and 6550 (50%) are female. 92% of the whole population are from general caste, 7% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Vellimalai town panchayat is 9%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are 3436 households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Vellimalai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13,182 12,186 949 47 1,163
Male 6,632 6,127 480 25 605
Female 6,550 6,059 469 22 558

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 86% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Christians which contribute 13% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 988 in Christians are 957.

Religion wise population 2011 - Vellimalai

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 13,182 11,387 42 1,699 1 0 0 0 53
Male 6,632 5,728 15 868 1 0 0 0 20
Female 6,550 5,659 27 831 0 0 0 0 33

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 12.1% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 12 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 11% which is -2.2% lower than male population growth rate of 13.2%. General caste population has increased by 13.3%; Schedule caste population has increased by 33.7%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -84% and child population has decreased by -5.2% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Vellimalai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.1% 13.3% 33.7% -84% -5.2%
Male 13.2% 14.2% 40.8% -83.9% -4.9%
Female 11% 12.3% 27.1% -84.1% -5.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 988 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 989, in schedule caste is 977 and in schedule tribe is 880. There are 922 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has decreased by 19 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 7 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Vellimalai

Total General SC ST Child
Change -19 -17 -105 -10 -7
2011 988 989 977 880 922
2001 1007 1006 1082 890 929

Literacy

Total about 11 thousand people in the city are literate, among them 5526 are male and 5154 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Vellimalai is 89%. 92% of male and 86% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 2%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 3%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Vellimalai

Total Male Female
Change 2.4% 1.5% 3.0%
2011 88.9% 91.7% 86%
2001 86.5% 90.2% 83%

Workers profile

Vellimalai has 41% (5441) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 24% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 13% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 16% of total female population are main and 8% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Vellimalai

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 41.3% 31.1% 10.1% 58.7%
Male 58.8% 46.2% 12.6% 41.2%
Female 23.5% 15.9% 7.6% 76.5%