Eraniel Town Panchayat, with population of about 10 thousand is Kalkulam sub district's the least populous town panchayat located in Kalkulam sub district of Kanniyakumari district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Eraniel town panchayat is 9 km2 and it is the 8th biggest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 1195 persons per km2. There are 15 wards in the city, among them Eraniel Ward No 02 is the most populous ward with population of 1108 and Eraniel Ward No 09 is the least populous ward with population of 239.

Nearest railway station is Eraniel which is 2 km far from here. Kalkulam is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 4 km. District head quarter of the city is Nagercoil which is 15 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 665 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1142.4 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 33.5°C and minimum temperature goes down to 23.9°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 10 thousand people, among them 5164 (50%) are male and 5211 (50%) are female. 96% of the whole population are from general caste, 4% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Eraniel town panchayat is 9%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are 2681 households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Eraniel

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 10,375 9,938 431 6 899
Male 5,164 4,947 216 1 455
Female 5,211 4,991 215 5 444

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 87% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Christians which contribute 13% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1007 in Christians are 1020.

Religion wise population 2011 - Eraniel

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 10,375 8,978 39 1,341 2 0 0 0 15
Male 5,164 4,473 19 664 0 0 0 0 8
Female 5,211 4,505 20 677 2 0 0 0 7

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 11.5% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were 9305. Female population growth rate of the city is 11.7% which is 0.4% higher than male population growth rate of 11.3%. General caste population has increased by 13%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -15.7% and child population has decreased by -0.8% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Eraniel

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11.5% 13% -15.7% 0% -0.8%
Male 11.3% 12.8% -15% 0% 0.2%
Female 11.7% 13.2% -16.3% 0% -1.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1009 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 1009, in schedule caste is 995 and in schedule tribe is 5000. There are 976 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 4 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 20 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Eraniel

Total General SC ST Child
Change 4 4 -17 5000 -20
2011 1009 1009 995 5000 976
2001 1005 1005 1012 0 996

Literacy

Total 8801 people in the city are literate, among them 4470 are male and 4331 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Eraniel is 93%. 95% of male and 91% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Eraniel

Total Male Female
Change 4.3% 3.7% 4.9%
2011 92.9% 94.9% 90.9%
2001 88.6% 91.2% 86%

Workers profile

Eraniel has 41% (4278) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 62% male and 21% female population are working population. 57% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 14% of total female population are main and 7% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Eraniel

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 41.2% 35.4% 5.9% 58.8%
Male 61.9% 56.7% 5.2% 38.1%
Female 20.8% 14.2% 6.6% 79.2%