Ponmanai Town Panchayat, with population of about 16 thousand is Kalkulam sub district's the 12th least populous town panchayat located in Kalkulam sub district of Kanniyakumari district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Ponmanai town panchayat is 17 km2 and it is the 2nd biggest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 904 persons per km2. There are 15 wards in the city, among them Ponmanai Ward No 01 is the most populous ward with population of 1494 and Ponmanai Ward No 09 is the least populous ward with population of 671.

Nearest railway station is Kuzhithurai which is 15 km far from here. Kalkulam is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 15 km. District head quarter of the city is Nagercoil which is 32 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 754 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1142.4 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 33.5°C and minimum temperature goes down to 23.9°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 16 thousand people, among them 7766 (50%) are male and 7788 (50%) are female. 94% of the whole population are from general caste, 4% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Ponmanai town panchayat is 9%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are 4068 households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Ponmanai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15,554 14,559 649 346 1,390
Male 7,766 7,268 325 173 712
Female 7,788 7,291 324 173 678

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 61% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Christians which contribute 37% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 1% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1010 in Christians are 997 and in Muslims are 945.

Religion wise population 2011 - Ponmanai

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 15,554 9,486 214 5,749 4 0 0 0 101
Male 7,766 4,719 110 2,879 2 0 0 0 56
Female 7,788 4,767 104 2,870 2 0 0 0 45

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 15.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 13 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 15.3% which is -0.1% lower than male population growth rate of 15.4%. General caste population has increased by 13.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 861.1% and child population has decreased by 0% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Ponmanai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15.4% 13.6% 3% 861.1% 0%
Male 15.4% 13.8% 0% 1053.3% -0.1%
Female 15.3% 13.4% 6.2% 723.8% 0.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1003 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 1003, in schedule caste is 997 and in schedule tribe is 1000. There are 952 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has decreased by 1 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 2 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Ponmanai

Total General SC ST Child
Change -1 -3 59 -400 2
2011 1003 1003 997 1000 952
2001 1004 1006 938 1400 950

Literacy

Total about 13 thousand people in the city are literate, among them 6636 are male and 6415 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Ponmanai is 92%. 94% of male and 90% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 7% and female literacy rate has gone up by 8%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Ponmanai

Total Male Female
Change 7.6% 7.0% 8.2%
2011 92.1% 94.1% 90.2%
2001 84.5% 87.1% 82%

Workers profile

Ponmanai has 37% (5830) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 16% female population are working population. 49% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 10% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 6% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Ponmanai

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 37.5% 29.6% 7.9% 62.5%
Male 59% 49.3% 9.7% 41%
Female 16.1% 10% 6% 83.9%