Palugal Town Panchayat, with population of about 18 thousand is Vilavancode sub district's the 7th least populous town panchayat located in Vilavancode sub district of Kanniyakumari district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Palugal town panchayat is 9 km2 and it is the 5th biggest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 2077 persons per km2. There are 18 wards in the city, among them Palugal Ward No 17 is the most populous ward with population of 1771 and Palugal Ward No 18 is the least populous ward with population of 573.

Nearest railway station is Parasalai which is 5 km far from here. Vilavancode is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 9 km. District head quarter of the city is Nagercoil which is 40 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 790 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1142.4 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 33.5°C and minimum temperature goes down to 23.9°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 18 thousand people, among them 8756 (48%) are male and 9520 (52%) are female. 97% of the whole population are from general caste, 3% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Palugal town panchayat is 9%, among them 47% are boys and 53% are girls. There are 4429 households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Palugal

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 18,276 17,797 464 15 1,667
Male 8,756 8,516 236 4 785
Female 9,520 9,281 228 11 882

Religion wise distribution of population

Christians contribute 51% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Hindus which contribute 48% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Christians are 1091 in Hindus are 1086.

Religion wise population 2011 - Palugal

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 18,276 8,688 70 9,399 2 11 3 0 103
Male 8,756 4,164 31 4,494 2 4 1 0 60
Female 9,520 4,524 39 4,905 0 7 2 0 43

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 3.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 18 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 5.5% which is 4.4% higher than male population growth rate of 1.1%. General caste population has increased by 4.5%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -26.8%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -48.3% and child population has decreased by -21.8% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Palugal

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3.3% 4.5% -26.8% -48.3% -21.8%
Male 1.1% 2.4% -28.9% -75% -26.4%
Female 5.5% 6.6% -24.5% -15.4% -17.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1087 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 1090, in schedule caste is 966 and in schedule tribe is 2750. There are 1124 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 45 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 126 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Palugal

Total General SC ST Child
Change 45 42 56 1937 126
2011 1087 1090 966 2750 1124
2001 1042 1048 910 813 998

Literacy

Total about 15 thousand people in the city are literate, among them 7473 are male and 7712 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Palugal is 91%. 94% of male and 89% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Palugal

Total Male Female
Change 4.3% 3.6% 5.1%
2011 91.4% 93.8% 89.3%
2001 87.1% 90.2% 84.2%

Workers profile

Palugal has 34% (6215) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 15% female population are working population. 42% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 13% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Palugal

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 34% 25.3% 8.7% 66%
Male 54.9% 41.9% 13% 45.1%
Female 14.8% 10.1% 4.7% 85.2%