O' Valley Town Panchayat, with population of about 22 thousand is Gudalur sub district's the least populous town panchayat located in Gudalur sub district of The Nilgiris district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of O' Valley town panchayat is 104 km2 and it is the biggest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 212 persons per km2. There are 18 wards in the city, among them O' Valley Ward No 01 is the most populous ward with population of 2734 and O' Valley Ward No 13 is the least populous ward with population of 384.

Nearest railway station is Udhagamandalam which is 66 km far from here. Gudalur is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 16 km. District head quarter of the city is Udhagamandalam which is 66 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 525 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 2368.6 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 21.6°C and minimum temperature goes down to 4.2°C.


The city is home to about 22 thousand people, among them about 11 thousand (49%) are male and about 11 thousand (51%) are female. 56% of the whole population are from general caste, 42% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of O' Valley town panchayat is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are 5307 households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - O' Valley

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 21,943 12,358 9,178 407 2,203
Male 10,672 5,975 4,497 200 1,118
Female 11,271 6,383 4,681 207 1,085

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1056 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 1068, in schedule caste is 1041 and in schedule tribe is 1035. There are 970 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city.


Total about 17 thousand people in the city are literate, among them 8866 are male and 8256 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of O' Valley is 87%. 93% of male and 81% of female population are literate here.

Workers profile

O' Valley has 47% (about 10 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 56% male and 39% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 10% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 30% of total female population are main and 9% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - O' Valley

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 47.2% 37.5% 9.7% 52.8%
Male 56.1% 45.6% 10.5% 43.9%
Female 38.7% 29.8% 8.9% 61.3%