Sembakkam Town Panchayat, with population of about 45 thousand is Tambaram sub district's the most populous town panchayat located in Tambaram sub district of Kancheepuram district in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Sembakkam town panchayat is 6 km2 and it is the 2nd smallest city by area in the sub district. Population density of the city is 7257 persons per km2. There are 15 wards in the city, among them Sembakkam Ward No 08 is the most populous ward with population of 4716 and Sembakkam Ward No 13 is the least populous ward with population of 919.

Nearest railway station is Tambaram which is 5 km far from here. Tambaram is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 5 km. District head quarter of the city is Kancheepuram which is 60 km away. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city and is 30 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1156.8 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 39.2°C and minimum temperature goes down to 21°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 45 thousand people, among them about 23 thousand (50%) are male and about 23 thousand (50%) are female. 91% of the whole population are from general caste, 9% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Sembakkam town panchayat is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 12 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Sembakkam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 45,356 41,169 4,006 181 5,003
Male 22,705 20,651 1,968 86 2,578
Female 22,651 20,518 2,038 95 2,425

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 78% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Christians which contribute 13% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 8% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 999 in Christians are 1017 and in Muslims are 952.

Religion wise population 2011 - Sembakkam

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 45,356 35,383 3,726 5,780 20 22 70 10 345
Male 22,705 17,701 1,909 2,865 9 10 39 8 164
Female 22,651 17,682 1,817 2,915 11 12 31 2 181

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 111% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 21 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 113.9% which is 5.6% higher than male population growth rate of 108.3%. General caste population has increased by 123.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 34.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 174.2% and child population has increased by 130.2% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Sembakkam

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 111% 123.2% 34.3% 174.2% 130.2%
Male 108.3% 120.6% 31.3% 120.5% 130.8%
Female 113.9% 125.9% 37.3% 251.9% 129.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 998 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 994, in schedule caste is 1036 and in schedule tribe is 1105. There are 941 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 26 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 4 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Sembakkam

Total General SC ST Child
Change 26 24 46 413 -4
2011 998 994 1036 1105 941
2001 972 970 990 692 945

Literacy

Total about 37 thousand people in the city are literate, among them about 19 thousand are male and about 18 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Sembakkam is 93%. 95% of male and 90% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 3%. Male literacy has gone down by 1% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Sembakkam

Total Male Female
Change 2.9% 1.2% 4.7%
2011 92.5% 95.4% 89.6%
2001 89.6% 94.2% 84.9%

Workers profile

Sembakkam has 37% (about 17 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 56% male and 18% female population are working population. 50% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 6% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 15% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Sembakkam

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 37.5% 32.6% 4.9% 62.5%
Male 56.4% 50.4% 6% 43.6%
Female 18.5% 14.7% 3.7% 81.5%