Chennai Municipal Corporation, with population of about 46.5 lakh is Chennai district's only municipal corporation located in Chennai district of the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Chennai municipal corporation is 175 km2. Population density of the city is 26553 persons per km2. There are 155 wards in the city, among them Chennai Ward No 153 is the most populous ward with population of about 1.4 lakh and Chennai Ward No 102 is the least populous ward with population of 9377.

Nearest railway station is Chennai which is within the city. Chennai is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Chennai. Chennai is the state head quarter of the city. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1216.3 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 37.6°C and minimum temperature goes down to 21.1°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 46.5 lakh people, among them about 23.4 lakh (50%) are male and about 23.1 lakh (50%) are female. 83% of the whole population are from general caste, 17% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Chennai municipal corporation is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 11.5 lakh households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Chennai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 4,646,732 3,857,004 779,667 10,061 459,324
Male 2,335,844 1,941,636 389,001 5,207 235,519
Female 2,310,888 1,915,368 390,666 4,854 223,805

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 81% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 9% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 8% population all other religious communities contribute 2% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 988 in Muslims are 968 and in Christians are 1033

Religion wise population 2011 - Chennai

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 4,646,732 3,751,322 439,270 358,662 2,851 2,804 51,708 1,759 38,356
Male 2,335,844 1,887,443 223,194 176,419 1,562 1,573 26,519 978 18,156
Female 2,310,888 1,863,879 216,076 182,243 1,289 1,231 25,189 781 20,200

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 43.4 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 8.8% which is 3.6% higher than male population growth rate of 5.2%. General caste population has increased by 3.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 30.4%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 49.5% and child population has increased by 6% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Chennai

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 7% 3.2% 30.4% 49.5% 6%
Male 5.2% 1.4% 28.9% 54.6% 7.2%
Female 8.8% 5% 31.9% 44.5% 4.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 989 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 986, in schedule caste is 1004 and in schedule tribe is 932. There are 950 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 32 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 22 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Chennai

Total General SC ST Child
Change 32 33 22 -66 -22
2011 989 986 1004 932 950
2001 957 953 982 998 972

Literacy

Total about 37.8 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 19.7 lakh are male and about 18.1 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Chennai is 90%. 94% of male and 87% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Chennai

Total Male Female
Change 4.9% 3.7% 6.2%
2011 90.2% 93.7% 86.6%
2001 85.3% 90% 80.4%

Workers profile

Chennai has 39% (about 18.2 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 19% female population are working population. 54% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 16% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Chennai

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 39.1% 34.9% 4.3% 60.9%
Male 58.6% 53.8% 4.8% 41.4%
Female 19.4% 15.7% 3.7% 80.6%