Sarni Municipality, with population of about 86 thousand is Ghoda Dongri sub district's only municipality located in Ghoda Dongri sub district of Betul district in the state Madhya Pradesh in India. Total geographical area of Sarni municipality is 35 km2. Population density of the city is 2432 persons per km2. There are 36 wards in the city, among them Sarni Ward No 35 is the most populous ward with population of 4796 and Sarni Ward No 08 is the least populous ward with population of 1064.

Nearest railway station is Ghoradongri which is 18 km far from here. Ghodadongri is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 18 km. District head quarter of the city is Betul which is 68 km away. Bhopal is the state head quarter of the city and is 198 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 1069.2 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 42.5°C and minimum temperature goes down to 5.4°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 86 thousand people, among them about 45 thousand (52%) are male and about 41 thousand (48%) are female. 66% of the whole population are from general caste, 25% are from schedule caste and 9% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Sarni municipality is 9%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 20 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Sarni

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 86,141 56,435 21,532 8,174 8,096
Male 44,928 29,514 11,220 4,194 4,201
Female 41,213 26,921 10,312 3,980 3,895

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 90% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 7% of the total population and Buddhists are the third largest religious community here with 2% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 917 in Muslims are 904 and in Buddhists are 910.

Religion wise population 2011 - Sarni

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 86,141 77,534 5,886 643 253 1,585 212 6 22
Male 44,928 40,441 3,092 310 130 830 107 4 14
Female 41,213 37,093 2,794 333 123 755 105 2 8

Growth of population

Population of the city has decreased by -9.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 95 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is -8.6% which is 1.4% higher than male population growth rate of -10%. General caste population has decreased by -10.6%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -5.9%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -9% and child population has decreased by -26.2% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Sarni

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -9.3% -10.6% -5.9% -9% -26.2%
Male -10% -11.3% -5.9% -10.6% -25.7%
Female -8.6% -9.9% -5.8% -7.2% -26.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 917 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 912, in schedule caste is 919 and in schedule tribe is 949. There are 927 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 13 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 11 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Sarni

Total General SC ST Child
Change 13 14 1 34 -11
2011 917 912 919 949 927
2001 904 898 918 915 938

Literacy

Total about 66 thousand people in the city are literate, among them about 37 thousand are male and about 29 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Sarni is 85%. 90% of male and 79% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 2%. Male literacy has gone down by 0% and female literacy rate has gone up by 4%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Sarni

Total Male Female
Change 2.1% 0.6% 3.8%
2011 84.6% 90.1% 78.6%
2001 82.5% 89.5% 74.8%

Workers profile

Sarni has 31% (about 27 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 51% male and 9% female population are working population. 46% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 7% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Sarni

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 30.8% 27.3% 3.5% 69.2%
Male 50.9% 46% 5% 49.1%
Female 8.8% 6.9% 1.9% 91.2%