Baharu Census Town, with population of about 16 thousand is Jaynagar - I sub district's the most populous census town located in Jaynagar - I sub district of South Twenty Four Parganas district in the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Baharu census town is 5 km2 and it is the biggest census town by area in the sub district. Population density of the census town is 3430 persons per km2. There is only one ward in this census town which is Baharu Ward No 01 and the population of Baharu Ward No 01 is about 16 thousand.

Nearest railway station is Bahua Street which is 1 km far from here. Baruipur is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the census town is 25 km. District head quarter of the census town is Alipur which is 50 km away. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the census town and is 50 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the census town is 2000 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 42°C and minimum temperature goes down to 5°C.

Demographics

The census town is home to about 16 thousand people, among them 8319 (51%) are male and 7836 (49%) are female. 81% of the whole population are from general caste, 19% are from schedule caste. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Baharu census town is 12%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are 3550 households in the census town and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Baharu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 16,155 13,104 3,051 0 1,968
Male 8,319 6,786 1,533 0 1,006
Female 7,836 6,318 1,518 0 962

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 51% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the census town followed by Muslims which contribute 48% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 957 in Muslims are 925.

Religion wise population 2011 - Baharu

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 16,155 8,195 7,703 234 1 2 0 0 20
Male 8,319 4,188 4,002 118 1 1 0 0 9
Female 7,836 4,007 3,701 116 0 1 0 0 11

Growth of population

Population of the census town has increased by 3.2% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 16 thousand. Female population growth rate of the census town is 3% which is -0.3% lower than male population growth rate of 3.3%. General caste population has increased by 2.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 8% and child population has decreased by -16% in the census town since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Baharu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3.2% 2.1% 8% 0% -16%
Male 3.3% 3% 4.9% 0% -14.9%
Female 3% 1.2% 11.3% 0% -17.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 942 females per 1000 male in the census town. Sex ratio in general caste is 931, in schedule caste is 990. There are 956 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the census town. Overall sex ratio in the census town has decreased by 3 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 27 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Baharu

Total General SC ST Child
Change -3 -16 56 0 -27
2011 942 931 990 0 956
2001 945 947 934 0 983

Literacy

Total about 11 thousand people in the census town are literate, among them 6078 are male and 5074 are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Baharu is 79%. 83% of male and 74% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the census town has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone down by 1% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Baharu

Total Male Female
Change 5.4% 1.3% 9.9%
2011 78.6% 83.1% 73.8%
2001 73.2% 81.8% 63.9%

Workers profile

Baharu has 35% (5710) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 14% female population are working population. 47% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 9% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Baharu

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 35.3% 28.3% 7% 64.7%
Male 55.3% 46.8% 8.5% 44.7%
Female 14.2% 8.7% 5.5% 85.8%