Sainthia Municipality, with population of about 45 thousand is Birbhum district's the 3rd least populous municipality located in Birbhum district of the state West Bengal in India. Total geographical area of Sainthia municipality is 10 km2 and it is the 3rd smallest city by area in the district. Population density of the city is 4460 persons per km2. There are 16 wards in the city, among them Sainthia Ward No 16 is the most populous ward with population of 3814 and Sainthia Ward No 04 is the least populous ward with population of 1638.

Nearest railway station is Sainthia which is within the city. Suri is the sub district head quarter and the distance from the city is 20 km. District head quarter of the city is Suri which is 20 km away. Kolkata is the state head quarter of the city and is 195 km far from here.

Demographics

The city is home to about 45 thousand people, among them about 23 thousand (51%) are male and about 22 thousand (49%) are female. 73% of the whole population are from general caste, 26% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Sainthia municipality is 10%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 10 thousand households in the city and an average 4 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Sainthia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 44,601 32,725 11,515 361 4,511
Male 22,856 16,882 5,791 183 2,399
Female 21,745 15,843 5,724 178 2,112

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 87% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 11% of the total population and Jains are the third largest religious community here with 1% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 953 in Muslims are 948 and in Jains are 860.

Religion wise population 2011 - Sainthia

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 44,601 38,783 5,075 36 8 8 612 21 58
Male 22,856 19,854 2,605 17 4 6 329 9 32
Female 21,745 18,929 2,470 19 4 2 283 12 26

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 13.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 39 thousand. Female population growth rate of the city is 13.9% which is -0.1% lower than male population growth rate of 14%. General caste population has increased by 11.5%; Schedule caste population has increased by 25%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -37.2% and child population has decreased by -0.9% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Sainthia

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 13.9% 11.5% 25% -37.2% -0.9%
Male 14% 11.5% 24.9% -31.7% 3.6%
Female 13.9% 11.5% 25.1% -42% -5.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 951 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 938, in schedule caste is 988 and in schedule tribe is 973. There are 880 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has decreased by 1 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 86 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Sainthia

Total General SC ST Child
Change -1 -1 2 -173 -86
2011 951 938 988 973 880
2001 952 939 986 1146 966

Literacy

Total about 32 thousand people in the city are literate, among them about 17 thousand are male and about 15 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Sainthia is 80%. 85% of male and 74% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Sainthia

Total Male Female
Change 6.2% 3.8% 8.8%
2011 79.5% 84.7% 74.1%
2001 73.3% 80.9% 65.3%

Workers profile

Sainthia has 37% (about 16 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 14% female population are working population. 56% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 3% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 2% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Sainthia

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 37% 34.4% 2.6% 63%
Male 59% 56.1% 2.9% 41%
Female 13.8% 11.5% 2.3% 86.2%