Varanasi Municipal Corporation, with population of about 12 lakh is Varanasi sub district's only municipal corporation located in Varanasi sub district of Varanasi district in the state Uttar Pradesh in India. Total geographical area of Varanasi municipal corporation is 82 km2. Population density of the city is 14598 persons per km2. There are 90 wards in the city, among them Varanasi Ward No 25 is the most populous ward with population of about 29 thousand and Varanasi Ward No 49 is the least populous ward with population of 6854.

Nearest railway station is Varanasi which is within the city. Varanasi is the sub district head quarter of the city. District head quarter of the city is Varanasi. Lucknow is the state head quarter of the city and is 285 km far from here. Yearly average rainfall of the city is 635.4 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 43.8°C and minimum temperature goes down to 3.44°C.

Demographics

The city is home to about 12 lakh people, among them about 6.4 lakh (53%) are male and about 5.6 lakh (47%) are female. 93% of the whole population are from general caste, 7% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Varanasi municipal corporation is 11%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 1.9 lakh households in the city and an average 6 persons live in every family.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Varanasi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,198,491 1,109,706 82,190 6,595 135,677
Male 635,140 587,524 44,058 3,558 72,442
Female 563,351 522,182 38,132 3,037 63,235

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 70% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the city followed by Muslims which contribute 29% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 879 in Muslims are 906.

Religion wise population 2011 - Varanasi

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,198,491 840,280 345,461 4,034 2,610 461 1,417 233 3,995
Male 635,140 447,234 181,249 2,039 1,368 258 704 108 2,180
Female 563,351 393,046 164,212 1,995 1,242 203 713 125 1,815

Growth of population

Population of the city has increased by 8.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 11 lakh. Female population growth rate of the city is 9.3% which is 1.4% higher than male population growth rate of 7.9%. General caste population has increased by 8.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 0.6%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 1265.4% and child population has decreased by -16.8% in the city since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Varanasi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 8.6% 8.6% 0.6% 1265.4% -16.8%
Male 7.9% 7.9% 0.5% 1388.7% -15%
Female 9.3% 9.4% 0.7% 1144.7% -18.8%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 887 females per 1000 male in the city. Sex ratio in general caste is 889, in schedule caste is 865 and in schedule tribe is 854. There are 873 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the city. Overall sex ratio in the city has increased by 11 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 41 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Varanasi

Total General SC ST Child
Change 11 12 2 -167 -41
2011 887 889 865 854 873
2001 876 877 863 1021 914

Literacy

Total about 8.4 lakh people in the city are literate, among them about 4.7 lakh are male and about 3.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Varanasi is 79%. 83% of male and 75% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the city has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 11%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Varanasi

Total Male Female
Change 7.3% 4.7% 10.4%
2011 79.3% 83.5% 74.6%
2001 72% 78.8% 64.2%

Workers profile

Varanasi has 34% (about 4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 51% male and 14% female population are working population. 45% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 6% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Varanasi

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 33.6% 28.3% 5.2% 66.4%
Male 51.2% 44.9% 6.2% 48.8%
Female 13.7% 9.6% 4.1% 86.3%