Merta Tahsil, with population of about 3.9 lakh is Nagaur district's the 4th most populous sub district, located in Nagaur district of the state Rajasthan in India. There are 197 villages in the sub district, among them Riyan Bari is the most populous village with population of about 12 thousand and Naya Khera is the least populous village with population of 8. Harsolao is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 59 km2 and Benas is the smallest with 1 km2.

There are 3 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Merta City Municipality; Gothan and Merta Road Census Towns.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 3.9 lakh people, among them about 2 lakh (51%) are male and about 1.9 lakh (49%) are female. 77% of the whole population are from general caste, 23% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Merta tahsil is 14%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 74 thousand households in the sub district and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 79% (about 3.1 lakh) live in Merta Sub District rural part and 21% (about 81 thousand) population live in the Merta Sub District urban part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Merta

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 388,929 299,963 87,575 1,391 54,632
Male 200,049 154,228 45,092 729 29,150
Female 188,880 145,735 42,483 662 25,482

Most populated Villages and Cities in Merta

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Riyan Bari 11523 Merta City 46070
Harsolao 9581 Gothan 17700
Ren 8944 Merta Road 16905
Padoo Kalan 8833
Dangawas 7470
Jasnagar 6864
Poondloo 6827
Gagrana 6307
Mokalpur 6256
Indawar 6038

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 90% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 10% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 943 in Muslims are 949.

Religion wise population 2011 - Merta

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 388,929 348,241 38,648 272 55 8 1,402 3 300
Male 200,049 179,188 19,829 139 31 5 699 1 157
Female 188,880 169,053 18,819 133 24 3 703 2 143

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 15.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3.4 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 16.7% which is 2.5% higher than male population growth rate of 14.2%. General caste population has increased by 13.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 21%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 83% and child population has decreased by -7.1% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Merta

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 15.4% 13.7% 21% 83% -7.1%
Male 14.2% 12.6% 19.6% 68.4% -6.3%
Female 16.7% 14.9% 22.6% 102.4% -8.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 944 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 945, in schedule caste is 942 and in schedule tribe is 908. There are 874 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 20 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 18 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Merta

Total General SC ST Child
Change 20 19 22 153 -18
2011 944 945 942 908 874
2001 924 926 920 755 892

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Merta

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Jorawarpura 1247 Gothan 949
Panchkuta Ki Dhani 1234 Merta Road 934
Sarangwas 1233 Merta City 931
Basni Vyasa 1179
Samdolao Kalan 1155
Basnilunkaran 1114
Jodhras Khurd 1103
Chawadiya Khurd 1095
Hasiyas 1092
Jagannathpura 1092

Literacy

Total about 2.1 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 1.3 lakh are male and about 75 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Merta is 62%. 77% of male and 46% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 10%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Merta

Total Male Female
Change 6.7% 3.8% 10.1%
2011 61.8% 77.2% 45.6%
2001 55.1% 73.4% 35.5%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Merta

Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Daron Ki Dhani 86 Merta City 73
Basni Sumer 83 Merta Road 73
Basni Neta 83 Gothan 68
Jodhras Khurd 80
Jesas Akheraj 78
Panchroliya Kalan 77
Bhanas 77
Panchroliya Khurd 77
Ramnagar 76
Morari Goda 75

Workers profile

Merta has 46% (about 1.8 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 52% male and 38% female population are working population. 41% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 19% of total female population are main and 19% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Merta

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 45.5% 30.4% 15.1% 54.5%
Male 52.4% 41.3% 11% 47.6%
Female 38.2% 18.8% 19.5% 61.8%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Merta

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Harsolao 59.2 Gothan 25.5
Dhanapa 47.2 Merta Road 21.4
Ren 46.9 Merta City 12.1
Poondloo 41.5
Indawar 39.6
Kurdaya 37.8
Mokalpur 37.6
Dangawas 36.5
Leeliya 35.6
Lamba Jatan 35.3