Poonamallee Taluka, with population of about 6.6 lakh is Thiruvallur district's the 2nd most populous sub district, located in Thiruvallur district of the state Tamil Nadu in India. There are 24 villages in the sub district, among them Korattur is the most populous village with population of 6528 and Meyyur is the least populous village with population of 363. Thiruninravur is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 10 km2 and Narasingapuram is the smallest with 0 km2.

There are 13 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Avadi, Tiruverkadu and Poonamallee Municipalities; Tiruverkadu and Poonamallee Municipality and Out Growths; Thirunindravur and Thirumazhisai Town Panchayats Kattupakkam, Senneerkuppam, Nadukuthagai, Nazarathpettai and Nemilicheri Census Towns (limited to 5 most populous).

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 6.6 lakh people, among them about 3.3 lakh (51%) are male and about 3.3 lakh (49%) are female. 79% of the whole population are from general caste, 20% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Poonamallee taluka is 11%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 1.7 lakh households in the sub district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 90% (about 5.9 lakh) live in Poonamallee Sub District urban part and 10% (about 65 thousand) population live in the Poonamallee Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Poonamallee

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 659,922 521,375 134,523 4,024 70,840
Male 333,307 263,939 67,310 2,058 36,109
Female 326,615 257,436 67,213 1,966 34,731

Most populated Villages and Cities in Poonamallee

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Korattur 6528 Avadi 345996
Voyalanallur 6525 Tiruverkadu 62824
Sembarambakkam 5709 Tiruverkadu 62824
Kuthambakkam 5047 Poonamallee 60607
Gudapakkam 4892 Poonamallee 57224
Agaramel 4609 Thirunindravur 37095
Soranjeri (part) 4161 Kattupakkam 23910
Thiruninravur 3962 Thirumazhisai 19733
Parivakkam 3911 Senneerkuppam 16237
Meppur 3493 Nadukuthagai 9251

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 87% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Christians which contribute 9% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 4% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 976 in Christians are 1011 and in Muslims are 969.

Religion wise population 2011 - Poonamallee

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 659,922 571,173 28,744 56,282 326 181 574 168 2,474
Male 333,307 288,999 14,600 27,985 190 104 291 75 1,063
Female 326,615 282,174 14,144 28,297 136 77 283 93 1,411

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 52.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 4.3 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 54.7% which is 3.6% higher than male population growth rate of 51.1%. General caste population has increased by 54.3%; Schedule caste population has increased by 49.5%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 6.4% and child population has increased by 43.4% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Poonamallee

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 52.8% 54.3% 49.5% 6.4% 43.4%
Male 51.1% 52.1% 48.9% 9.2% 42.3%
Female 54.7% 56.5% 50.2% 3.7% 44.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 980 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 975, in schedule caste is 999 and in schedule tribe is 955. There are 962 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 23 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 15 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Poonamallee

Total General SC ST Child
Change 23 27 9 -51 15
2011 980 975 999 955 962
2001 957 948 990 1006 947

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Poonamallee

Literacy

Total about 5.2 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 2.8 lakh are male and about 2.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Poonamallee is 89%. 93% of male and 84% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Poonamallee

Total Male Female
Change 4.7% 2.7% 7.0%
2011 88.8% 93.3% 84.2%
2001 84.1% 90.6% 77.2%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Poonamallee

Workers profile

Poonamallee has 38% (about 2.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 58% male and 17% female population are working population. 53% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 14% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Poonamallee

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 37.9% 33.5% 4.4% 62.1%
Male 58% 52.6% 5.5% 42%
Female 17.3% 14% 3.3% 82.7%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Poonamallee

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Thiruninravur 10.3 Avadi 65
Sembarambakkam 9.8 Tiruverkadu 30.5
Voyalanallur 8.5 Tiruverkadu 30.5
Korattur 8.3 Poonamallee 27.5
Kuthambakkam 7.5 Poonamallee 27.5
Gudapakkam 6.7 Thirunindravur 11
Nemam 5.3 Thirumazhisai 6
Meyyur 4.8 Kannapalayam 5.6
Soranjeri (part) 3.7 Senneerkuppam 2.6
Padur 3.2 Kattupakkam 2.5