Baihar Tahsil, with population of about 2.8 lakh is Balaghat district's the most populous sub district, located in Balaghat district of the state Madhya Pradesh in India. There are 304 villages in the sub district, among them Relwahi is the most populous village with population of 4224 and Ladwa is the least populous village with population of 1. Jagla is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 51 km2 and Sarai Patera Baihar is the smallest with 0 km2.

There are 2 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Malajkhand Municipality; and Baihar Nagar Panchayat.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 2.8 lakh people, among them about 1.4 lakh (49%) are male and about 1.4 lakh (51%) are female. 41% of the whole population are from general caste, 3% are from schedule caste and 56% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Baihar tahsil is 14%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 64 thousand households in the sub district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 82% (about 2.3 lakh) live in Baihar Sub District rural part and 18% (about 51 thousand) population live in the Baihar Sub District urban part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Baihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 284,352 117,276 8,570 158,506 40,987
Male 140,250 58,306 4,280 77,664 20,728
Female 144,102 58,970 4,290 80,842 20,259

Most populated Villages and Cities in Baihar

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Relwahi 4224 Malajkhand 34176
Garhi 3777 Baihar 16650
Damoh 3357
Kukarra 2798
Koyalikhapa 2583
Baherabhata 2554
Pandutala 2521
Manegaon 2485
Bahkal 2405
Mandai 2243

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 87% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district all other religious communities contribute 13% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1026

Religion wise population 2011 - Baihar

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 284,352 246,489 4,634 2,337 169 3,706 171 26,213 633
Male 140,250 121,670 2,323 1,143 92 1,826 93 12,797 306
Female 144,102 124,819 2,311 1,194 77 1,880 78 13,416 327

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has decreased by -15.7% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3.4 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is -15.7% which is -0.1% lower than male population growth rate of -15.6%. General caste population has decreased by -18.5%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -29.5%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -12.5% and child population has decreased by -29.7% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Baihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -15.7% -18.5% -29.5% -12.5% -29.7%
Male -15.6% -18.9% -29.5% -12.1% -29.7%
Female -15.7% -18.2% -29.5% -12.9% -29.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1027 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1011, in schedule caste is 1002 and in schedule tribe is 1041. There are 977 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has decreased by 1 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 0 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Baihar

Total General SC ST Child
Change -1 8 -1 -9 0
2011 1027 1011 1002 1041 977
2001 1028 1003 1003 1050 977

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Baihar

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Koshatola 1375 Malajkhand 1021
Pachama 1309 Baihar 998
Dongariya 1304
Benda 1271
Semarkhedi 1265
Ghuitola 1258
Ghursi Bohra 1254
Eko 1244
Sanjari 1239
Jalda 1228

Literacy

Total about 1.7 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 92 thousand are male and about 73 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Baihar is 68%. 77% of male and 59% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 12%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Baihar

Total Male Female
Change 8.9% 5.0% 12.5%
2011 68% 77% 59.3%
2001 59.1% 72% 46.8%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Baihar

Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Bhurasa Dadar 100 Baihar 83
Supkhar 100 Malajkhand 76
Baigapani 100
Deori Dadar 100
Ladwa 100
Baldha 100
Gadha Ghat 100
Bhisanghat 100
Adwar 100
Anwarai 100

Workers profile

Baihar has 52% (about 1.5 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 56% male and 48% female population are working population. 32% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 24% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 20% of total female population are main and 28% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Baihar

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 51.8% 26.1% 25.7% 48.2%
Male 56% 32.3% 23.7% 44%
Female 47.7% 20% 27.7% 52.3%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Baihar

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Jagla 51.3 Malajkhand 80.5
Machhurda 38.2 Baihar 29.2
Lahangakanhar 30.5
Kandai 25.4
Mathari 23.5
Jalda 22.6
Korka 21
Bithli 20.9
Bhutna 20.7
Lalpur 20.6