Kandi Community Development Block, with population of about 2.2 lakh is Murshidabad district's the 9th least populous sub district, located in Murshidabad district of the state West Bengal in India. There are 84 villages in the sub district, among them Mahalandi is the most populous village with population of about 16 thousand and Bamandasbati is the least populous village with population of 209. Hijal is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 37 km2 and Bamandasbati is the smallest with 0 km2.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 2.2 lakh people, among them about 1.1 lakh (51%) are male and about 1.1 lakh (49%) are female. 82% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste and 2% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Kandi community development block is 13%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 49 thousand households in the sub district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

100% population of Kandi community development block live in the Kandi Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Kandi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 220,145 180,896 35,859 3,390 29,223
Male 112,789 92,688 18,425 1,676 14,885
Female 107,356 88,208 17,434 1,714 14,338

Most populated Villages in Kandi

Villages
Name Population
Mahalandi 16354
Gokarna 16198
Hijal 11480
Jasohari 9003
Kumar Sanda 8320
Nabagram 6905
Udaychandpur 6832
Gatia 5413
Gobarhati 5023
Sashpara 4649

Religion wise distribution of population

Muslims contribute 61% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Hindus which contribute 39% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Muslims are 961 in Hindus are 939.

Religion wise population 2011 - Kandi

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 220,145 85,464 133,522 737 13 6 4 181 218
Male 112,789 44,082 68,105 382 6 2 3 97 112
Female 107,356 41,382 65,417 355 7 4 1 84 106

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 14% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 1.9 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 14.9% which is 1.7% higher than male population growth rate of 13.2%. General caste population has increased by 13.5%; Schedule caste population has increased by 15.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 30.2% and child population has decreased by -16.9% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Kandi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 14% 13.5% 15.3% 30.2% -16.9%
Male 13.2% 12.6% 14.7% 30.9% -17.5%
Female 14.9% 14.4% 15.9% 29.6% -16.2%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 952 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 952, in schedule caste is 946 and in schedule tribe is 1023. There are 963 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 14 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 14 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Kandi

Total General SC ST Child
Change 14 15 9 -11 14
2011 952 952 946 1023 963
2001 938 937 937 1034 949

Villages with highest sex ratio in Kandi

Villages
Name Sex Ratio
Baze Gopalnagar 1204
Bahadurpur 1111
Gobindapur 1075
Gobarhati 1045
Alampur 1039
Indrahata 1036
Kumar Sanda 1007
Uttar Lakshmi Narayanpur 1000
Khordda Narayanpur 998
Srikantapur 998

Literacy

Total about 1.2 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 70 thousand are male and about 54 thousand are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Kandi is 65%. 72% of male and 58% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 13%. Male literacy has gone up by 10% and female literacy rate has gone up by 16%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Kandi

Total Male Female
Change 12.6% 9.6% 16.1%
2011 65.1% 71.7% 58.3%
2001 52.5% 62.1% 42.2%

Villages with highest literacy rate in Kandi

Villages
Name Literacy Rate %
Bajedohalia 89
Bati 87
Boltali 87
Ratuni 86
Kaya 84
Bamandasbati 83
Brahmanpara 82
Dohalia 79
Nisadbag Jhaubari 79
Patna 78

Workers profile

Kandi has 32% (about 70 thousand) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 8% female population are working population. 45% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 10% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 4% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Kandi

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 32% 25.1% 6.9% 68%
Male 54.8% 44.9% 9.9% 45.2%
Female 8% 4.2% 3.8% 92%

Biggest Villages in Kandi

Villages
Name Area (Km2)
Hijal 36.8
Mahalandi 16.3
Gokarna 13.9
Kumar Sanda 8.9
Gobarhati 6.6
Nabagram 4.8
Jasohari 4.7
Marura 4.6
Jiadara 4.5
Gatia 4.2