Arrah Community Development Block, with population of about 4.6 lakh is Bhojpur district's the most populous sub district, located in Bhojpur district of the state Bihar in India. There are 90 villages in the sub district, among them Jamira is the most populous village with population of about 14 thousand and Garaiyan is the least populous village with population of 2. Jamira is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 8 km2 and Mirza Beg is the smallest with 0 km2.

There is only one city in the sub district that comes under the sub district administration which is Arrah Municipal Corporation.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 4.6 lakh people, among them about 2.5 lakh (53%) are male and about 2.2 lakh (47%) are female. 86% of the whole population are from general caste, 13% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Arrah community development block is 16%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 69 thousand households in the sub district and an average 7 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 57% (about 2.6 lakh) live in Arrah Sub District urban part and 43% (about 2 lakh) population live in the Arrah Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Arrah

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 462,618 398,845 60,939 2,834 71,843
Male 245,242 211,427 32,316 1,499 37,955
Female 217,376 187,418 28,623 1,335 33,888

Most populated Villages and Cities in Arrah

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Jamira 13891 Arrah 261430
Dhamar 7279
Gothahula 5548
Ijri 5455
Ganghar 5324
Sonadia 5262
Sundarpur Barja 4951
Bhakura 4835
Karari 4679
Daulatpur 4416

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 88% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 11% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 882 in Muslims are 917.

Religion wise population 2011 - Arrah

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 462,618 408,944 50,730 422 317 53 1,186 16 950
Male 245,242 217,284 26,465 217 167 21 588 7 493
Female 217,376 191,660 24,265 205 150 32 598 9 457

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 25.2% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3.7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 26.5% which is 2.6% higher than male population growth rate of 23.9%. General caste population has increased by 24.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 28.7%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 33.6% and child population has increased by 13.3% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Arrah

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 25.2% 24.6% 28.7% 33.6% 13.3%
Male 23.9% 23.6% 26.1% 33.5% 14.5%
Female 26.5% 25.7% 31.7% 33.6% 11.9%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 886 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 886, in schedule caste is 886 and in schedule tribe is 891. There are 893 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 18 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 21 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Arrah

Total General SC ST Child
Change 18 15 38 1 -21
2011 886 886 886 891 893
2001 868 871 848 890 914

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Arrah

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Basmanpur 1048 Arrah 883
Tetaria 1041
Chamukha 1039
Dharampura 1002
Mirza Beg 996
Dhobaha 980
Parkhotampur 980
Deorhi 972
Behra 961
Mohanpur 957

Literacy

Total about 3 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 1.8 lakh are male and about 1.2 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Arrah is 76%. 85% of male and 67% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 11%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Arrah

Total Male Female
Change 6.7% 3.5% 10.7%
2011 76.4% 84.8% 66.9%
2001 69.7% 81.3% 56.2%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Arrah

Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Garaiyan 100 Arrah 81
Mohanpur 91
Ramdih Chhapra 88
Semaria 85
Pathanpur 83
Amma 83
Sukulpur 83
Mathaulia 83
Bakhria 83
khajuria 83

Workers profile

Arrah has 26% (about 1.2 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 42% male and 8% female population are working population. 33% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 9% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 4% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Arrah

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 26% 19.2% 6.8% 74%
Male 42% 32.5% 9.5% 58%
Female 8% 4.2% 3.8% 92%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Arrah

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Jamira 8.5 Arrah 31
Pipra 7.2
Mahuli 5.3
Sonadia 4.2
khajuria 3.7
Ganghar 3.6
Chanda 3.5
Bhakura 3.4
Karari 3.3
Basantpur 3.1