Varanasi Tahsil, with population of about 30.5 lakh is Varanasi district's the most populous sub district, located in Varanasi district of the state Uttar Pradesh in India. There are 835 villages in the sub district, among them Dhaurhara is the most populous village with population of about 16 thousand and Mirchia is the least populous village with population of 3. Rampur is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 18 km2 and Naktuwa is the smallest with 0 km2.

There are 38 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Varanasi Municipal Corporation; Ramnagar Nagar Palika Parishad; Lohta, Phulwaria, Shivdaspur, Suzabad and Kotwa Census Towns (limited to 5 most populous); Maruadih Railway Settlement Industrial Township; Varanasi Cantonment Board; and Gangapur Nagar Panchayat.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 30.5 lakh people, among them about 16 lakh (53%) are male and about 14.5 lakh (47%) are female. 87% of the whole population are from general caste, 12% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Varanasi tahsil is 13%, among them 53% are boys and 47% are girls. There are about 4.7 lakh households in the sub district and an average 7 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 52% (about 15.9 lakh) live in Varanasi Sub District urban part and 48% (about 14.6 lakh) population live in the Varanasi Sub District rural part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Varanasi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 3,049,543 2,656,170 369,361 24,012 406,390
Male 1,603,805 1,394,948 196,172 12,685 215,980
Female 1,445,738 1,261,222 173,189 11,327 190,410

Most populated Villages and Cities in Varanasi

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Dhaurhara 15736 Varanasi 1198491
Kardhana 11255 Ramnagar 49132
Thatra 9775 Lohta 25596
Harsos 9390 Phulwaria 20466
Gaur Madhukar Shahpur 9077 Shivdaspur 16405
Ramna 8651 Suzabad 15384
Mustafabad 8361 Kotwa 14394
Gosaipur Mohaon 8205 Maruadih Railway Settlement 14298
Mehadiganj 8134 Varanasi 14119
Lalpur 7864 Benipur 12470

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 83% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 17% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 899 in Muslims are 913.

Religion wise population 2011 - Varanasi

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 3,049,543 2,523,784 505,265 7,070 3,200 907 1,863 278 7,176
Male 1,603,805 1,328,933 264,188 3,611 1,668 510 932 138 3,825
Female 1,445,738 1,194,851 241,077 3,459 1,532 397 931 140 3,351

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 30.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 23.3 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 31.9% which is 2.4% higher than male population growth rate of 29.5%. General caste population has increased by 29.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 33.6%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 3543.7% and child population has decreased by -0.9% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Varanasi

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 30.6% 29.1% 33.6% 3543.7% -0.9%
Male 29.5% 27.9% 33.5% 3514% 1%
Female 31.9% 30.5% 33.7% 3577.6% -3%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 901 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 904, in schedule caste is 883 and in schedule tribe is 893. There are 882 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 16 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 36 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Varanasi

Total General SC ST Child
Change 16 18 2 16 -36
2011 901 904 883 893 882
2001 885 886 881 877 918

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Varanasi

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Mirchia 2000 Maheshpur 1025
Gopal Pur 1661 Kesaripur 948
Chakatesua 1444 Harpalpur 929
Tulapur 1438 Birbhanpur 929
Nawalsha Cot 1347 Chhitauni 928
Puraraiji 1345 Susuwahi 923
Lahiya 1313 Umarha 921
Bhor Khurd 1279 Lohta 920
Chaklola 1266 Kallipur 918
Barikhpur 1245 Dindaspur 918

Literacy

Total about 20.1 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 11.6 lakh are male and about 8.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Varanasi is 76%. 83% of male and 68% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 13%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Varanasi

Total Male Female
Change 8.8% 5.8% 12.3%
2011 76% 83.4% 67.7%
2001 67.2% 77.6% 55.4%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Varanasi

Workers profile

Varanasi has 33% (about 10 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 48% male and 16% female population are working population. 40% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 6% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Varanasi

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 32.8% 25.7% 7.1% 67.2%
Male 48.4% 40.3% 8.1% 51.6%
Female 15.6% 9.5% 6.1% 84.4%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Varanasi

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Rampur 18.4 Varanasi 82.1
Kardhana 13 Sir Gobardhan 4.9
Pahari 12.9 Varanasi 4.7
Lohara Dih 11.3 Kallipur 4.4
Mokalpur 11 Parmanandpur 4
Kosara 9.6 Dindaspur 4
Mustafabad 8.7 Benipur 4
Azgara Khas 8.6 Ramnagar 3.6
Ramchandipur 8.1 Birbhanpur 3.4
Dafi 7.8 Maruadih Railway Settlement 3