Mariahu Tahsil, with population of about 8 lakh is Jaunpur district's the 2nd most populous sub district, located in Jaunpur district of the state Uttar Pradesh in India. There are 652 villages in the sub district, among them Sureri is the most populous village with population of 6863 and Kiyara is the least populous village with population of 6. Gandhaunna is the biggest village in the sub district with an area of 12 km2 and Jamin Jangi is the smallest with 0 km2.

There are 2 cities in the sub district which comes under the sub district administration, those are - Mariahu Nagar Panchayat; and Dhanauha Census Town.

Demographics

The sub district is home to about 8 lakh people, among them about 3.9 lakh (49%) are male and about 4.1 lakh (51%) are female. 78% of the whole population are from general caste, 22% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Mariahu tahsil is 15%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 1.2 lakh households in the sub district and an average 7 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 96% (about 7.7 lakh) live in Mariahu Sub District rural part and 4% (about 29 thousand) population live in the Mariahu Sub District urban part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Mariahu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 800,862 625,343 174,644 875 118,810
Male 388,701 301,837 86,436 428 61,826
Female 412,161 323,506 88,208 447 56,984

Most populated Villages and Cities in Mariahu

Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population
Sureri 6863 Mariahu 22778
Bhanpur 6638 Dhanauha 6212
Gandhaunna 5604
Aunra 5489
Ariyar 5431
Rampur Naddi 5348
Gora Patti 5345
Auraila 5197
Ashanandpur 5034
Sarai Bikram 4735

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 91% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the sub district followed by Muslims which contribute 8% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1063 in Muslims are 1027.

Religion wise population 2011 - Mariahu

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 800,862 729,910 65,518 791 235 2,477 96 49 1,786
Male 388,701 353,731 32,325 378 130 1,205 38 20 874
Female 412,161 376,179 33,193 413 105 1,272 58 29 912

Growth of population

Population of the sub district has increased by 9.2% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 7.3 lakh. Female population growth rate of the sub district is 10.7% which is 3.1% higher than male population growth rate of 7.6%. General caste population has increased by 8.2%; Schedule caste population has increased by 12.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 1051.3% and child population has decreased by -19.8% in the sub district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Mariahu

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 9.2% 8.2% 12.1% 1051.3% -19.8%
Male 7.6% 6.6% 11.1% 830.4% -19.6%
Female 10.7% 9.9% 13.1% 1390% -20%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1060 females per 1000 male in the sub district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1072, in schedule caste is 1021 and in schedule tribe is 1044. There are 922 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the sub district. Overall sex ratio in the sub district has increased by 28 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 4 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Mariahu

Total General SC ST Child
Change 28 32 19 392 -4
2011 1060 1072 1021 1044 922
2001 1032 1040 1002 652 926

Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Mariahu

Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Chak Sumeshwarpur 2462 Mariahu 953
Barbandha 2200 Dhanauha 896
Thaldhananjaipur 2000
Jagdishpur 1916
Chak Dost Jamalpur 1750
Karan Patti 1607
Ahirauli 1593
Chak Badauli 1558
Wajirpur 1500
Gobardhanpur 1472

Literacy

Total about 4.8 lakh people in the sub district are literate, among them about 2.7 lakh are male and about 2 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Mariahu is 70%. 84% of male and 58% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the sub district has increased by 12%. Male literacy has gone up by 7% and female literacy rate has gone up by 17%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Mariahu

Total Male Female
Change 11.8% 6.6% 16.9%
2011 70.2% 83.9% 57.6%
2001 58.4% 77.3% 40.7%

Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Mariahu

Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Sarai Khurd 100 Mariahu 79
Dhekaha 96 Dhanauha 76
Thaldhananjaipur 93
Uday Raj Patti 91
Chak Sihora 88
Jamin Jangi 88
Raghunathpur 87
Prithavipur 86
Chak E Damodara 86
Hathiya Deeh 86

Workers profile

Mariahu has 34% (about 2.7 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 42% male and 27% female population are working population. 31% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 13% of total female population are main and 14% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Mariahu

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 34.2% 21.7% 12.6% 65.8%
Male 41.9% 30.5% 11.4% 58.1%
Female 27% 13.3% 13.7% 73%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Mariahu

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Gandhaunna 11.9 Dhanauha 5
Ankara 10.7 Mariahu 4.4
Gora Patti 6
Kajihad 5.5
Mahuari 5.3
Khoiri 5.3
Rampur Naddi 5.3
Auraila 5.2
Kochari 5.1
Banideeh 4.9