Himachal Pradesh State, with population of about 68.6 lakh is India's the 9th least populous state. Total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh state is about 56 thousand km2 and it is the 12th smallest state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 123 persons per km2. There are 12 districts in the state, among them Kangra is the most populous district with population of about 15.1 lakh and Lahul & Spiti is the least populous district with population of about 32 thousand. Lahul & Spiti is the biggest district in the state with an area of about 14 thousand km2 and Hamirpur is the smallest with 1118 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 68.6 lakh people, among them about 34.8 lakh (51%) are male and about 33.8 lakh (49%) are female. 69% of the whole population are from general caste, 25% are from schedule caste and 6% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Himachal Pradesh state is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 14.8 lakh households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 90% (about 61.8 lakh) live in Himachal Pradesh rural part and 10% (about 6.9 lakh) population live in the Himachal Pradesh urban part. Rural population density of Himachal Pradesh state is 111 and urban population density is 2542 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Himachal Pradesh

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 6,864,602 4,743,224 1,729,252 392,126 777,898
Male 3,481,873 2,409,455 876,300 196,118 407,459
Female 3,382,729 2,333,769 852,952 196,008 370,439

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Himachal Pradesh

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Kangra 1510075 Mandi 216051 Shimla (M Corp.) 169578
Mandi 999777 Kullu 206716 Solan (M Cl) 39256
Shimla 814010 Una 190082 Dharmsala (M Cl + OG) 30764
Solan 580320 Palampur 189276 Baddi (M Cl + OG) 29911
Sirmaur 529855 Chamba 179253 Nahan (M Cl) 28899
Una 521173 Nurpur 176525 Mandi (M Cl) 26422
Chamba 519080 Shimla (urban) 169578 Baddi (M Cl) 25639
Hamirpur 454768 Amb 168793 Paonta Sahib (M Cl) 25183
Kullu 437903 Paonta Sahib 157799 Sundarnagar (M Cl) 24344
Bilaspur 381956 Dharmsala 136536 Dharmsala (M Cl) 22579

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 95% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 2% of the total population and Sikhs are the third largest religious community here with 1% population all other religious communities contribute 2% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 975 in Muslims are 856 and in Sikhs are 925

Religion wise population 2011 - Himachal Pradesh

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 6,864,602 6,532,765 149,881 12,646 79,896 78,659 1,805 856 8,094
Male 3,481,873 3,306,995 80,763 6,844 41,494 40,233 945 461 4,138
Female 3,382,729 3,225,770 69,118 5,802 38,402 38,426 860 395 3,956

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 12.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 60.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the state is 13.1% which is 0.3% higher than male population growth rate of 12.8%. General caste population has increased by 9.5%; Schedule caste population has increased by 15.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 60.3% and child population has decreased by -1.9% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Himachal Pradesh

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.9% 9.5% 15.1% 60.3% -1.9%
Male 12.8% 9.4% 14.8% 60% -2.6%
Female 13.1% 9.6% 15.4% 60.6% -1.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 972 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 969, in schedule caste is 973 and in schedule tribe is 999. There are 909 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 4 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has increased by 13 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Himachal Pradesh

Total General SC ST Child
Change 4 2 5 3 13
2011 972 969 973 999 909
2001 968 967 968 996 896

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Himachal Pradesh

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Hamirpur 1095 Lad Bharol 1218 Chuari Khas (NP) 1021
Kangra 1012 Jaisinghpur 1186 Daulatpur (NP) 1004
Mandi 1007 Bhoranj 1147 Chamba (M Cl) 999
Chamba 986 Dhatwal 1140 Arki (NP) 984
Bilaspur 981 Thural 1135 Mandi (M Cl) 981
Una 976 Tira Sujanpur 1128 Jogindarnagar (NP) 971
Kullu 942 Galore 1120 Bhota (NP) 969
Sirmaur 918 Dhira 1107 Nagrota Bagwan (M Cl) 966
Shimla 915 Dharmpur 1101 Dera Gopipur (NP) 959
Lahul & Spiti 903 Sandhol 1098 Nadaun (NP) 955

Literacy

Total about 50.4 lakh people in the state are literate, among them about 27.5 lakh are male and about 22.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of HIMACHAL PRADESH is 83%. 90% of male and 76% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 7%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 9%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Himachal Pradesh

Total Male Female
Change 6.3% 4.2% 8.5%
2011 82.8% 89.5% 75.9%
2001 76.5% 85.3% 67.4%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Himachal Pradesh

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Hamirpur 88 Shimla (urban) 94 Dalhousie (CB) 97
Una 87 Hamirpur 90 Arki (NP) 95
Kangra 86 Nadaun 89 Bakloh (CB) 94
Bilaspur 85 Rakkar 89 Mandi (M Cl) 94
Solan 84 Solan 89 Daulatpur (NP) 94
Shimla 84 Kangra 88 Shimla (M Corp.) 94
Mandi 82 Shimla ( Rural ) 88 Sabathu (CB) 94
Kinnaur 80 Amb 88 Banjar (NP) 93
Kullu 79 Barsar 88 Kangra (M Cl) 93
Sirmaur 79 Jawalamukhi 88 Theog (M Cl) 93

Workers profile

HIMACHAL PRADESH has 52% (about 35.6 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 59% male and 45% female population are working population. 41% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 17% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 18% of total female population are main and 26% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Himachal Pradesh

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 51.9% 30% 21.8% 48.1%
Male 58.7% 41.3% 17.4% 41.3%
Female 44.8% 18.4% 26.4% 55.2%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Himachal Pradesh

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Lahul & Spiti 13841 Shimla (M Corp.) 35.3
Chamba 6522 Sundarnagar (M Cl) 12.3
Kinnaur 6401 Dharmsala (M Cl + OG) 12.3
Kangra 5739 Dharmsala (M Cl) 12.3
Kullu 5503 Nahan (M Cl) 10.9
Shimla 5131 Bilaspur (M Cl) 10.6
Mandi 3950 Indora (CT) 9.3
Sirmaur 2825 Parwanoo (M Cl) 8.9
Solan 1936 Dalhousie (M Cl) 7.6
Una 1540 Baddi (M Cl) 7