Telangana State, with population of about 4 crore is India's the 12th most populous state. There are 32 districts in the state, among them Hyderabad is the most populous district with population of about 39.4 lakh and Warangal is the least populous district with population of about 1.1 lakh. Mahbubnagar is the biggest district in the state with an area of about 18 thousand km2 and Hyderabad is the smallest with 217 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 4 crore people, among them about 2 crore (50%) are male and about 2 crore (50%) are female. 75% of the whole population are from general caste, 15% are from schedule caste and 9% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Telangana state is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 83.6 lakh households in the state and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 61% (about 2 crore) live in Telangana rural part and 39% (about 1 crore) population live in the Telangana urban part.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Telangana

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 35,193,978 26,474,370 5,432,680 3,286,928 3,920,418
Male 17,704,078 13,339,183 2,704,932 1,659,963 2,028,497
Female 17,489,900 13,135,187 2,727,748 1,626,965 1,891,921

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Telangana

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Hyderabad 3943323 Balanagar 567996 Warangal 704570
Mahbubnagar 2663909 Saroornagar 549004 Nizamabad 311152
Rangareddy 2567349 Qutubullapur 495683 Karimnagar 289821
Medchal Malkajgiri 1944390 Bahadurpura 468158 Karimnagar 261185
Nalgonda 1793955 Asifnagar 442229 Ramagundam 242979
Khammam 1681646 Hanamkonda 427303 Ramagundam 229644
Nizamabad 1627499 Malkajgiri 413571 Secunderabad 217910
Karimnagar 1446670 Nizamabad 412500 Khammam 196283
Sangareddy 1446298 Uppal 384835 Mahbubnagar 190400
Bhadradri Kothagudem 1115724 Karimnagar 363106 Khammam 184210

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 85% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 13% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 1% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 990 in Muslims are 969 and in Christians are 1033.

Religion wise population 2011 - Telangana

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 35,193,978 29,948,451 4,464,699 447,124 30,340 32,553 26,690 5,422 238,699
Male 17,704,078 15,051,489 2,267,514 219,926 16,030 16,622 13,515 2,780 116,202
Female 17,489,900 14,896,962 2,197,185 227,198 14,310 15,931 13,175 2,642 122,497

Growth of population

Population of the state has decreased by -53.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 8 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is -53.6% which is 0.4% higher than male population growth rate of -54%. General caste population has decreased by -55%; Schedule caste population has decreased by -56%; Schedule Tribe population has decreased by -34.6% and child population has decreased by -61.5% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Telangana

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total -53.8% -55% -56% -34.6% -61.5%
Male -54% -55.2% -56.6% -34.9% -60.9%
Female -53.6% -54.9% -55.4% -34.3% -62%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 988 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 985, in schedule caste is 1008 and in schedule tribe is 980. There are 933 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 10 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 28 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Telangana

Total General SC ST Child
Change 10 7 27 8 -28
2011 988 985 1008 980 933
2001 978 978 981 972 961

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Telangana

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Nirmal 1046 Sarangapur 1129 Soanpet 1232
Nizamabad 1040 Kunavaram 1125 Shivunipalle 1109
Jagtial 1036 Kathlapur 1105 Jainoor 1090
Kamareddy 1032 Vararamachandrapuram 1103 Chinnachintakunta 1087
Adilabad 1017 Tadvai 1100 Narsingi 1076
Medak 1016 Lokeswaram 1100 Medak 1076
Rajanna Sircilla 1013 Laxmanchanda 1098 Medak 1074
Siddipet 1011 Nandipet 1092 Ibrahimpatnam (Bagath) 1069
Khammam 1011 Dharpalle 1091 Mahabubabad 1068
Bhadradri Kothagudem 1009 Dilawarpur 1089 Yellandu 1065

Literacy

Total about 2 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 1 crore are male and about 90.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Telangana is 66%. 75% of male and 58% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 6%. Male literacy has gone up by 5% and female literacy rate has gone up by 8%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Telangana

Total Male Female
Change 6.0% 4.7% 7.5%
2011 66.5% 75% 57.9%
2001 60.5% 70.3% 50.4%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Telangana

Workers profile

Telangana has 47% (about 2 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 55% male and 38% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 7% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 30% of total female population are main and 8% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Telangana

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 46.7% 39.2% 7.5% 53.3%
Male 55% 48.4% 6.6% 45%
Female 38.4% 29.9% 8.5% 61.6%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Telangana

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Mahbubnagar 18432 Ramagundam 145.9
Adilabad 16105 Ramagundam 145.9
Khammam 16029 Warangal 129.8
Nalgonda 14240 Nalgonda 123.5
Warangal 12846 Nalgonda 123.5
Karimnagar 11823 Zahirabad 52.1
Medak 9699 Zahirabad 52.1
Nizamabad 7956 Mahbubnagar 51.4
Rangareddy 7493 Mahbubnagar 51.4
Hyderabad 217 Karimnagar 49.8