Puducherry Union Territory, with population of about 12.5 lakh is India's the 2nd most populous union territory. Total geographical area of Puducherry union territory is 490 km2 and it is the 4th smallest union territory by area in the country. Population density of the union territory is 2547 persons per km2. There are 4 districts in the union territory, among them Puducherry is the most populous district with population of about 9.5 lakh and Mahe is the least populous district with population of about 42 thousand. Puducherry is the biggest district in the union territory with an area of 294 km2 and Mahe is the smallest with 9 km2.

Demographics

The union territory is home to about 12.5 lakh people, among them about 6.1 lakh (49%) are male and about 6.4 lakh (51%) are female. 84% of the whole population are from general caste, 16% are from schedule caste. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Puducherry union territory is 11%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 3 lakh households in the union territory and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 68% (about 8.5 lakh) live in Puducherry urban part and 32% (about 4 lakh) population live in the Puducherry rural part. Rural population density of Puducherry union territory is 1178 and urban population density is 5517 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Puducherry

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,247,953 1,051,628 196,325 0 132,858
Male 612,511 516,999 95,512 0 67,527
Female 635,442 534,629 100,813 0 65,331

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Puducherry

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Puducherry 950289 Puducherry Taluk 316432 Ozhukarai 300104
Karaikal 200222 Ozhukarai Taluk 300104 Puducherry 244377
Yanam 55626 Villianur Taluk 213278 Karaikal 86838
Mahe 41816 Karaikal Taluk 144200 Yanam 55626
Bahour Taluk 120475 Mahe 41816
Thirunallar Taluk 56022 Villianur 34383
Yanam Taluk 55626 Kurumbapet (GP + OG) 32871
Mahe Taluk 41816 Ariankuppam 29808
Kurumbapet (GP) 19506
Manavely 15666

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 87% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the union territory followed by Christians which contribute 6% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 6% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1030 in Christians are 1114 and in Muslims are 1073.

Religion wise population 2011 - Puducherry

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,247,953 1,089,409 75,556 78,550 297 451 1,400 168 2,122
Male 612,511 536,701 36,450 37,157 156 250 702 88 1,007
Female 635,442 552,708 39,106 41,393 141 201 698 80 1,115

Growth of population

Population of the union territory has increased by 28.1% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 9.7 lakh. Female population growth rate of the union territory is 30.4% which is 4.6% higher than male population growth rate of 25.8%. General caste population has increased by 28.8%; Schedule caste population has increased by 24.4% and child population has increased by 13.4% in the union territory since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Puducherry

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 28.1% 28.8% 24.4% 0% 13.4%
Male 25.8% 26.5% 22.2% 0% 13.4%
Female 30.4% 31.1% 26.6% 0% 13.4%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1037 females per 1000 male in the union territory. Sex ratio in general caste is 1034, in schedule caste is 1056. There are 967 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the union territory. Overall sex ratio in the union territory has increased by 36 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 0 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Puducherry

Total General SC ST Child
Change 36 37 37 0 0
2011 1037 1034 1056 0 967
2001 1001 997 1019 0 967

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Puducherry

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Mahe 1184 Mahe Taluk 1184 Mahe 1184
Karaikal 1047 Karaikal Taluk 1050 Thirumalairayanpattinam 1082
Yanam 1038 Puducherry Taluk 1044 Karaikal 1055
Puducherry 1029 Thirunallar Taluk 1039 Ariankuppam 1047
Yanam Taluk 1038 Puducherry 1046
Bahour Taluk 1030 Yanam 1038
Ozhukarai Taluk 1021 Kurumbapet (GP + OG) 1026
Villianur Taluk 1018 Ozhukarai 1021
Villianur 1020
Manavely 1014

Literacy

Total about 9.6 lakh people in the union territory are literate, among them about 5 lakh are male and about 4.6 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of PUDUCHERRY is 86%. 91% of male and 81% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the union territory has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 2% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Puducherry

Total Male Female
Change 4.6% 2.7% 6.8%
2011 85.8% 91.3% 80.7%
2001 81.2% 88.6% 73.9%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Puducherry

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Mahe 98 Mahe Taluk 98 Mahe 98
Karaikal 87 Ozhukarai Taluk 89 Thirumalairayanpattinam 91
Puducherry 85 Karaikal Taluk 88 Ozhukarai 89
Yanam 79 Puducherry Taluk 88 Puducherry 89
Thirunallar Taluk 84 Karaikal 89
Villianur Taluk 81 Kurumbapet (GP) 87
Yanam Taluk 79 Villianur 86
Bahour Taluk 78 Kurumbapet (GP + OG) 85
Ariankuppam 84
Manavely 83

Workers profile

PUDUCHERRY has 36% (about 4.4 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 54% male and 18% female population are working population. 50% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 4% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 15% of total female population are main and 3% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Puducherry

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 35.7% 32% 3.6% 64.3%
Male 54.4% 50% 4.3% 45.6%
Female 17.6% 14.7% 3% 82.4%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Puducherry

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Puducherry 294 Karaikal 35.2
Karaikal 157 Ozhukarai 34.6
Yanam 30 Yanam 30
Mahe 9 Puducherry 19.5
Mahe 9
Kurumbapet (GP + OG) 8.9
Kurumbapet (GP) 8.9
Villianur 5.6
Manavely 5
Ariankuppam 3.6