Jharkhand State, with population of about 3 crore is India's the 14th most populous state. Total geographical area of Jharkhand state is about 80 thousand km2 and it is the 14th smallest state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 414 persons per km2. There are 24 districts in the state, among them Ranchi is the most populous district with population of about 29.1 lakh and Lohardaga is the least populous district with population of about 4.6 lakh. Pashchimi Singhbhum is the biggest district in the state with an area of 7224 km2 and Ramgarh is the smallest with 1341 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 3 crore people, among them about 2 crore (51%) are male and about 2 crore (49%) are female. 62% of the whole population are from general caste, 12% are from schedule caste and 26% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Jharkhand state is 16%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 62.5 lakh households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 76% (about 3 crore) live in Jharkhand rural part and 24% (about 79.3 lakh) population live in the Jharkhand urban part. Rural population density of Jharkhand state is 323 and urban population density is 3528 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Jharkhand

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 32,988,134 20,357,448 3,985,644 8,645,042 5,389,495
Male 16,930,315 10,571,450 2,043,458 4,315,407 2,767,147
Female 16,057,819 9,785,998 1,942,186 4,329,635 2,622,348

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Jharkhand

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Ranchi 2914253 Kanke 1317499 Dhanbad 1162472
Dhanbad 2684487 Golmuri-Cum-Jugsalai 1260201 Ranchi 1073427
Giridih 2445474 Dhanbad-Cum-Kenduadih-Cum-Jagata 1221356 Jamshedpur 677350
Purbi Singhbhum 2293919 Chas 813402 Jamshedpur 631364
Bokaro 2062330 Nirsa-Cum-Chirkunda 426613 Bokaro Steel City 414820
Palamu 1939869 Giridih 372570 Mango 223805
Hazaribagh 1734495 Deoghar 346089 Deoghar 203123
Pashchimi Singhbhum 1502338 Baghmara-Cum-Katras 334309 Adityapur 174355
Deoghar 1492073 Pakaur 327915 Hazaribag 142489
Garhwa 1322784 Adityapur(Gamharia) 309072 Chas 141640

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 68% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 15% of the total population all other religious communities contribute 17% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 935 in Muslims are 943

Religion wise population 2011 - Jharkhand

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 32,988,134 22,376,051 4,793,994 1,418,608 71,422 8,956 14,974 4,235,786 68,343
Male 16,930,315 11,563,951 2,467,219 699,902 38,189 5,217 7,763 2,113,699 34,375
Female 16,057,819 10,812,100 2,326,775 718,706 33,233 3,739 7,211 2,122,087 33,968

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 22.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 3 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 22.9% which is 1% higher than male population growth rate of 21.9%. General caste population has increased by 22.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 25%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 22% and child population has increased by 8.7% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Jharkhand

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 22.4% 22.1% 25% 22% 8.7%
Male 21.9% 21.8% 24.6% 21% 9.7%
Female 22.9% 22.5% 25.4% 23% 7.7%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 948 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 926, in schedule caste is 950 and in schedule tribe is 1003. There are 948 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 7 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 17 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Jharkhand

Total General SC ST Child
Change 7 5 6 16 -17
2011 948 926 950 1003 948
2001 941 921 944 987 965

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Jharkhand

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Pashchimi Singhbhum 1005 Jhinkpani 1044 Sagarmpur 1068
Simdega 997 Manjhari 1035 Kumarpur 1033
Khunti 997 Kumardungi 1031 Jhinkpani 1022
Gumla 993 Tantnagar 1030 Noamundi 1019
Pakur 989 Majhgaon 1024 Torpa 1010
Lohardaga 985 Khuntpani 1022 Ghagra 998
Dumka 977 Bolba 1022 Chauparan 992
Latehar 967 Bano 1019 Manohar Pur 980
Saraikela-Kharsawan 956 Tati Jhariya 1018 Bekobar 980
Jamtara 954 Kairo 1017 Tundiul 979

Literacy

Total about 2 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 1 crore are male and about 74.5 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of JHARKHAND is 66%. 77% of male and 55% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 12%. Male literacy has gone up by 10% and female literacy rate has gone up by 16%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Jharkhand

Total Male Female
Change 12.8% 9.5% 16.5%
2011 66.4% 76.8% 55.4%
2001 53.6% 67.3% 38.9%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Jharkhand

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Ranchi 76 Kanke 85 Sewai 92
Purbi Singhbhum 75 Golmuri-Cum-Jugsalai 84 Okani-II 92
Dhanbad 75 Hazaribag 83 Dumka 90
Ramgarh 73 Medininagar(Daltonganj) 80 Bargarwa 90
Bokaro 72 Dhanbad-Cum-Kenduadih-Cum-Jagata 79 Hazaribag 89
Hazaribagh 70 Bermo 79 Gumla 89
Simdega 68 Chitarpur 79 Chhota Gobindpur 89
Saraikela-Kharsawan 68 Chas 78 Arsande 89
Lohardaga 68 Ramgarh 78 Tenu 89
Kodarma 67 Adityapur(Gamharia) 77 Chota Gamahria 88

Workers profile

JHARKHAND has 40% (about 1 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 50% male and 29% female population are working population. 31% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 19% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 10% of total female population are main and 19% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Jharkhand

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 39.7% 20.7% 19% 60.3%
Male 49.8% 30.9% 18.8% 50.2%
Female 29.1% 9.9% 19.2% 70.9%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Jharkhand

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Pashchimi Singhbhum 7224 Ranchi 175.1
Gumla 5360 Bokaro Steel City 162.9
Ranchi 5097 Deoghar 119.6
Giridih 4962 Jamshedpur 99.8
Palamu 4393 Jamshedpur 99.8
Latehar 4291 Jhumri Tilaiya 51.1
Garhwa 4093 Adityapur 49
Simdega 3774 Phusro 45.2
Dumka 3761 Bishrampur 40
Chatra 3718 Ramgarh Cantonment 37.7