Sikkim State, with population of about 6.1 lakh is India's the least populous state. Total geographical area of Sikkim state is 7096 km2 and it is the 2nd smallest state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 86 persons per km2. There are 4 districts in the state, among them East District is the most populous district with population of about 2.8 lakh and North District is the least populous district with population of about 44 thousand. North District is the biggest district in the state with an area of 4226 km2 and South District is the smallest with 750 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 6.1 lakh people, among them about 3.2 lakh (53%) are male and about 2.9 lakh (47%) are female. 62% of the whole population are from general caste, 5% are from schedule caste and 34% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Sikkim state is 11%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 1.3 lakh households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 75% (about 4.6 lakh) live in Sikkim rural part and 25% (about 1.5 lakh) population live in the Sikkim urban part. Rural population density of Sikkim state is 65 and urban population density is 4015 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Sikkim

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 610,577 375,942 28,275 206,360 64,111
Male 323,070 203,355 14,454 105,261 32,761
Female 287,507 172,587 13,821 101,099 31,350

Most populated Districts, Sub Districts and Cities in Sikkim

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
East District 283583 Gangtok 219450 Gangtok 100286
South District 146850 Namchi 98895 Namchi 12190
West District 136435 Gyalshing 71675 Rangpo 10450
North District 43709 Soreng 64760 Jorethang 9009
Ravong 47955 Rhenak 5883
Pakyong 36392 Singtam 5868
Mangan 33671 Mangan 4644
Rongli 27741 Gyalshing 4013
Chungthang 10038 Nayabazar Notified Bazar Area 1235

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 58% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Buddhists which contribute 27% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 10% population all other religious communities contribute 5% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 856 in Buddhists are 960 and in Christians are 998

Religion wise population 2011 - Sikkim

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 610,577 352,662 9,867 60,522 1,868 167,216 314 16,300 1,828
Male 323,070 189,972 6,536 30,290 1,592 85,302 181 8,323 874
Female 287,507 162,690 3,331 30,232 276 81,914 133 7,977 954

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 12.9% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 5.4 lakh. Female population growth rate of the state is 13.9% which is 1.9% higher than male population growth rate of 12%. General caste population has decreased by -6.5%; Schedule caste population has increased by 4.1%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 85.2% and child population has decreased by -18% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Sikkim

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.9% -6.5% 4.1% 85.2% -18%
Male 12% -6.6% 4.7% 84.9% -17.8%
Female 13.9% -6.5% 3.5% 85.6% -18.3%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 890 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 849, in schedule caste is 956 and in schedule tribe is 960. There are 957 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 15 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 6 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Sikkim

Total General SC ST Child
Change 15 1 -11 3 -6
2011 890 849 956 960 957
2001 875 848 967 957 963

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest sex ratio in Sikkim

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
West District 942 Soreng 959 Namchi 977
South District 915 Pakyong 936 Gyalshing 954
East District 873 Gyalshing 928 Jorethang 935
North District 767 Namchi 926 Gangtok 912
Rongli 925 Singtam 895
Ravong 893 Mangan 891
Mangan 892 Nayabazar Notified Bazar Area 883
Gangtok 856 Rangpo 881
Chungthang 448 Rhenak 853

Literacy

Total about 4.4 lakh people in the state are literate, among them about 2.5 lakh are male and about 1.9 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of SIKKIM is 81%. 87% of male and 76% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 30%. Male literacy has gone up by 32% and female literacy rate has gone up by 31%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Sikkim

Total Male Female
Change 30.8% 31.2% 30.6%
2011 81.4% 86.6% 75.6%
2001 50.6% 55.4% 45%

Districts, Sub Districts and Cities with highest literacy rate in Sikkim

Districts Sub Districts Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
East District 84 Gangtok 85 Gyalshing 89
South District 81 Namchi 83 Gangtok 89
North District 78 Rongli 80 Nayabazar Notified Bazar Area 89
West District 77 Chungthang 79 Jorethang 89
Ravong 78 Namchi 88
Pakyong 78 Rangpo 87
Soreng 78 Rhenak 87
Mangan 78 Singtam 86
Gyalshing 77 Mangan 84

Workers profile

SIKKIM has 50% (about 3.1 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 60% male and 40% female population are working population. 50% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 10% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 24% of total female population are main and 15% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Sikkim

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 50.5% 37.7% 12.7% 49.5%
Male 60.2% 49.7% 10.5% 39.8%
Female 39.6% 24.3% 15.3% 60.4%

Biggest Districts and Cities in Sikkim

Districts Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
North District 4226 Gangtok 19.2
West District 1166 Namchi 7.2
East District 954 Rhenak 4
South District 750 Gyalshing 3.6
Rangpo 1.8
Mangan 1.8
Jorethang 0.5
Singtam 0.2
Nayabazar Notified Bazar Area 0.1