Bihar State Urban Part, with population of about 1 crore is India's the 12th most urban populous state. Total geographical area of Bihar state urban part is 2325 km2 and it is the 15th smallest urban state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 5058 persons per km2. There are 38 districts in the state, among them Patna Urban is the most populous district with urban population of about 25.1 lakh and Sheohar Urban is the least populous district with urban population of about 28 thousand. Patna Urban is the biggest district in the state with an urban area of 270 km2 and Sheohar Urban is the smallest with 9 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 1 crore people, among them about 62 lakh (53%) are male and about 55.5 lakh (47%) are female. 89% of the whole population are from general caste, 10% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Bihar state urban part is 15%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 20.5 lakh households in the state and an average 6 persons live in every family.

Urban population density of Bihar state urban part is 5058 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Bihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11,758,016 10,469,184 1,223,110 65,722 1,750,263
Male 6,204,307 5,528,433 641,893 33,981 915,568
Female 5,553,709 4,940,751 581,217 31,741 834,695

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 79% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 20% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 887 in Muslims are 925.

Religion wise population 2011 - Bihar

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 11,758,016 9,298,560 2,361,501 31,639 11,761 1,898 11,339 1,063 40,255
Male 6,204,307 4,927,618 1,226,751 15,632 6,202 1,092 5,793 542 20,677
Female 5,553,709 4,370,942 1,134,750 16,007 5,559 806 5,546 521 19,578

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 35.4% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 86.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the state is 37.7% which is 4.2% higher than male population growth rate of 33.5%. General caste population has increased by 34.7%; Schedule caste population has increased by 40.6%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 61.7% and child population has increased by 24.3% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Bihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 35.4% 34.7% 40.6% 61.7% 24.3%
Male 33.5% 32.8% 38.5% 53.7% 25.1%
Female 37.7% 36.9% 42.9% 71.2% 23.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 895 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 894, in schedule caste is 905 and in schedule tribe is 934. There are 912 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has increased by 27 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 12 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Bihar

Total General SC ST Child
Change 27 27 28 95 -12
2011 895 894 905 934 912
2001 868 867 877 839 924

Literacy

Total about 76.9 lakh people in the state are literate, among them about 43.7 lakh are male and about 33.3 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of BIHAR is 77%. 83% of male and 70% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 5%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 7%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Bihar

Total Male Female
Change 5.0% 2.7% 7.9%
2011 76.9% 82.6% 70.5%
2001 71.9% 79.9% 62.6%

Workers profile

BIHAR has 29% (about 33.7 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 45% male and 10% female population are working population. 37% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 6% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Bihar

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 28.6% 22.4% 6.2% 71.4%
Male 44.9% 36.8% 8.1% 55.1%
Female 10.4% 6.4% 4.1% 89.6%