Bihar State Rural Part, with population of about 9 crore is India's the 2nd most rural populous state. Total geographical area of Bihar state rural part is about 92 thousand km2 and it is the 12th biggest rural state by area in the country. Population density of the state is 1005 persons per km2. There are 38 districts in the state, among them Purba Champaran Rural is the most populous district with rural population of about 47 lakh and Sheikhpura Rural is the least populous district with rural population of about 5.3 lakh. Pashchim Champaran Rural is the biggest district in the state with an rural area of 5134 km2 and Sheohar Rural is the smallest with 340 km2.

Demographics

The state is home to about 9 crore people, among them about 5 crore (52%) are male and about 4 crore (48%) are female. 82% of the whole population are from general caste, 17% are from schedule caste and 1% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Bihar state rural part is 19%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 2 crore households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Rural population density of Bihar state rural part is 1005 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Bihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 92,341,436 75,726,370 15,344,215 1,270,851 17,383,701
Male 48,073,850 39,460,955 7,964,360 648,535 8,971,671
Female 44,267,586 36,265,415 7,379,855 622,316 8,412,030

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 83% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the state followed by Muslims which contribute 16% of the total population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 916 in Muslims are 944.

Religion wise population 2011 - Bihar

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 92,341,436 76,780,126 15,196,308 97,608 12,018 23,555 7,575 12,374 211,872
Male 48,073,850 40,066,887 7,817,335 50,483 6,255 12,398 3,950 6,291 110,251
Female 44,267,586 36,713,239 7,378,973 47,125 5,763 11,157 3,625 6,083 101,621

Growth of population

Population of the state has increased by 24.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 7 crore. Female population growth rate of the state is 23.9% which is -0.7% lower than male population growth rate of 24.6%. General caste population has increased by 23.3%; Schedule caste population has increased by 26%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 77.1% and child population has increased by 12.9% in the state since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Bihar

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 24.3% 23.3% 26% 77.1% 12.9%
Male 24.6% 23.7% 26% 74.8% 13.3%
Female 23.9% 22.9% 26% 79.5% 12.5%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 921 females per 1000 male in the state. Sex ratio in general caste is 919, in schedule caste is 927 and in schedule tribe is 960. There are 938 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the state. Overall sex ratio in the state has decreased by 5 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 6 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Bihar

Total General SC ST Child
Change -5 -6 0 26 -6
2011 921 919 927 960 938
2001 926 925 927 934 944

Literacy

Total about 4 crore people in the state are literate, among them about 3 crore are male and about 2 crore are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of BIHAR is 60%. 70% of male and 49% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the state has increased by 16%. Male literacy has gone up by 13% and female literacy rate has gone up by 19%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Bihar

Total Male Female
Change 15.9% 12.6% 19.4%
2011 59.8% 69.7% 49%
2001 43.9% 57.1% 29.6%

Workers profile

BIHAR has 34% (about 3 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 47% male and 20% female population are working population. 31% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 15% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 8% of total female population are main and 12% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Bihar

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 34% 20.3% 13.7% 66%
Male 46.7% 31.2% 15.5% 53.3%
Female 20.2% 8.4% 11.7% 79.8%