India Urban Part, with population of about 38 crore is the World's 2nd most populous country. Total geographical area of India country urban part is about 1 lakh km2. Population density of the country is 3689 persons per km2. There are 36 states in the country, among them Maharashtra Urban is the most populous state with urban population of about 5 crore and Lakshadweep Urban is the least populous state with urban population of about 50 thousand. Tamil Nadu Urban is the biggest state in the country with an urban area of about 14 thousand km2 and Lakshadweep Urban is the smallest with 22 km2.

Demographics

The country is home to about 38 crore people, among them about 20 crore (52%) are male and about 18 crore (48%) are female. 85% of the whole population are from general caste, 13% are from schedule caste and 3% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of India country urban part is 11%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 8 crore households in the country and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Urban population density of India country urban part is 3689 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - India

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 377,106,125 319,116,729 47,527,524 10,461,872 43,192,388
Male 195,489,200 165,788,691 24,417,027 5,283,482 22,667,805
Female 181,616,925 153,328,038 23,110,497 5,178,390 20,524,583

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 75% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the country followed by Muslims which contribute 18% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 3% population all other religious communities contribute 4% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 921 in Muslims are 942 and in Christians are 1046

Religion wise population 2011 - India

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 377,106,125 282,163,402 68,740,419 11,162,523 5,902,324 3,628,123 3,546,944 738,727 1,223,663
Male 195,489,200 146,883,321 35,403,944 5,455,286 3,109,383 1,838,988 1,810,520 368,170 619,588
Female 181,616,925 135,280,081 33,336,475 5,707,237 2,792,941 1,789,135 1,736,424 370,557 604,075

Growth of population

Population of the country has increased by 31.8% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 29 crore. Female population growth rate of the country is 34% which is 4.2% higher than male population growth rate of 29.8%. General caste population has increased by 30%; Schedule caste population has increased by 41.3%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 49.7% and child population has increased by 15.6% in the country since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - India

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 31.8% 30% 41.3% 49.7% 15.6%
Male 29.8% 28% 39.6% 47% 15.7%
Female 34% 32.1% 43.2% 52.6% 15.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 929 females per 1000 male in the country. Sex ratio in general caste is 925, in schedule caste is 946 and in schedule tribe is 980. There are 905 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the country. Overall sex ratio in the country has increased by 62 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 95 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - India

Total General SC ST Child
Change 62 -75 -54 37 -95
2011 929 925 946 980 905
2001 867 1000 1000 943 1000

Literacy

Total about 28 crore people in the country are literate, among them about 15 crore are male and about 13 crore are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of India is 84%. 89% of male and 79% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the country has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 3% and female literacy rate has gone up by 6%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - India

Total Male Female
Change 4.2% 2.5% 6.2%
2011 84.1% 88.8% 79.1%
2001 79.9% 86.3% 72.9%

Workers profile

India has 35% (about 13 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 54% male and 15% female population are working population. 49% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 5% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 12% of total female population are main and 4% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - India

Worker (Among total population) Main Worker (Among workers) Marginal Worker (Among workers) Non Worker (Among total population)
Total 35.3% 30.9% 4.4% 64.7%
Male 53.8% 48.7% 5.1% 46.2%
Female 15.4% 11.9% 3.6% 84.6%