India Rural Part, with population of about 83 crore is the World's 2nd most populous country. Total geographical area of India country rural part is about 31 lakh km2. Population density of the country is 269 persons per km2. There are 36 states in the country, among them Uttar Pradesh Rural is the most populous state with rural population of about 16 crore and Lakshadweep Rural is the least populous state with rural population of about 14 thousand. Rajasthan Rural is the biggest state in the country with an rural area of about 3.4 lakh km2 and Chandigarh Rural is the smallest with 4 km2.

Demographics

The country is home to about 83 crore people, among them about 43 crore (51%) are male and about 41 crore (49%) are female. 70% of the whole population are from general caste, 18% are from schedule caste and 11% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of India country rural part is 15%, among them 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 17 crore households in the country and an average 5 persons live in every family.

Rural population density of India country rural part is 269 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - India

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 833,748,852 585,814,160 153,850,848 94,083,844 121,322,865
Male 427,781,058 301,399,038 79,118,287 47,263,733 63,084,449
Female 405,967,794 284,415,122 74,732,561 46,820,111 58,238,416

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 82% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the country followed by Muslims which contribute 12% of the total population and Christians are the third largest religious community here with 2% population all other religious communities contribute 4% of the total population. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 947 in Muslims are 958 and in Christians are 1008

Religion wise population 2011 - India

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 833,748,852 684,093,951 103,504,739 16,657,065 14,930,792 4,814,849 904,809 7,199,007 1,643,640
Male 427,781,058 351,423,647 52,870,001 8,295,745 7,839,048 2,457,022 467,577 3,583,894 844,124
Female 405,967,794 332,670,304 50,634,738 8,361,320 7,091,744 2,357,827 437,232 3,615,113 799,516

Growth of population

Population of the country has increased by 12.3% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 74 crore. Female population growth rate of the country is 12.5% which is 0.4% higher than male population growth rate of 12.1%. General caste population has increased by 10.1%; Schedule caste population has increased by 15.7%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 21.7% and child population has decreased by -4.1% in the country since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - India

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 12.3% 10.1% 15.7% 21.7% -4.1%
Male 12.1% 10% 15.3% 21% -3.6%
Female 12.5% 10.2% 16% 22.3% -4.6%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 949 females per 1000 male in the country. Sex ratio in general caste is 944, in schedule caste is 945 and in schedule tribe is 991. There are 923 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the country. Overall sex ratio in the country has increased by 2 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 77 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - India

Total General SC ST Child
Change 2 13 -55 -9 -77
2011 949 944 945 991 923
2001 947 931 1000 1000 1000

Literacy

Total about 48 crore people in the country are literate, among them about 28 crore are male and about 20 crore are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of India is 68%. 77% of male and 58% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the country has increased by 9%. Male literacy has gone up by 6% and female literacy rate has gone up by 12%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - India

Total Male Female
Change 9.1% 6.4% 11.8%
2011 67.8% 77.1% 57.9%
2001 58.7% 70.7% 46.1%

Workers profile

India has 42% (about 35 crore) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 53% male and 30% female population are working population. 42% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 11% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 17% of total female population are main and 13% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - India

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 41.8% 29.5% 12.3% 58.2%
Male 53% 41.6% 11.4% 47%
Female 30% 16.7% 13.3% 70%