Kanniyakumari District, with population of about 18.7 lakh is Tamil Nadu's the 14th least populous district, located in the state Tamil Nadu in India. Total geographical area of Kanniyakumari district is 1684 km2 and it is the 2nd smallest district by area in the state. Population density of the district is 1111 persons per km2. There are 4 sub districts in the district, among them Kalkulam is the most populous sub district with population of about 6.1 lakh and Thovala is the least populous sub district with population of about 1.2 lakh.

There are 4 cities in the district which comes under the district administration, those are - Nagercoil, Colachel, Padmanabhapuram and Kuzhithurai Municipalities.

Demographics

The district is home to about 18.7 lakh people, among them about 9.3 lakh (50%) are male and about 9.4 lakh (50%) are female. 96% of the whole population are from general caste, 4% are from schedule caste and 0% are schedule tribes. Child (aged under 6 years) population of Kanniyakumari district is 10%, among them 51% are boys and 49% are girls. There are about 4.8 lakh households in the district and an average 4 persons live in every family.

The majority of the population, nearly 82% (about 15.4 lakh) live in Kanniyakumari District urban part and 18% (about 3.3 lakh) population live in the Kanniyakumari District rural part. Rural population density of Kanniyakumari district is 324 and urban population density is 2323 persons per km2.

Caste wise male female population 2011 - Kanniyakumari

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 1,870,374 1,788,843 74,249 7,282 182,350
Male 926,345 885,974 36,817 3,554 92,835
Female 944,029 902,869 37,432 3,728 89,515

Most populated Sub Districts, Villages and Cities in Kanniyakumari

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Population Name Population Name Population
Kalkulam 606706 Kadiapattinam 26589 Nagercoil 224849
Vilavancode 590567 Neendakara -B 19716 Kollancode 38385
Agastheeswaram 552175 Ezhudesam 16478 Edaicode 25378
Thovala 120926 Keezhkulam 13097 Ezhudesam 24657
Thamaraikulam 11776 Pacode 24050
Attoor 11699 Unnamalaikadai 23656
Vempanoor 10177 Painkulam 23630
Colachel 9836 Colachel 23227
Kanniyakumari 9773 Aralvaimozhi 22846
Thackalai 9551 Kanniyakumari 22453

Religion wise distribution of population

Hindus contribute 49% of the total population and are the largest religious community in the district followed by Christians which contribute 47% of the total population and Muslims are the third largest religious community here with 4% population.. Female Sex ratio per 1000 male in Hindus are 1009 in Christians are 1027 and in Muslims are 1043.

Religion wise population 2011 - Kanniyakumari

Total Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Others Not Stated
Total 1,870,374 909,872 78,590 876,299 160 438 156 10 4,849
Male 926,345 453,009 38,462 432,363 80 217 77 5 2,132
Female 944,029 456,863 40,128 443,936 80 221 79 5 2,717

Growth of population

Population of the district has increased by 11.6% in last 10 years. In 2001 census total population here were about 16.8 lakh. Female population growth rate of the district is 11.9% which is 0.6% higher than male population growth rate of 11.3%. General caste population has increased by 11.6%; Schedule caste population has increased by 9.7%; Schedule Tribe population has increased by 33.8% and child population has increased by 0.3% in the district since last census.

Growth of population (percent) 2001 to 2011 - Kanniyakumari

Total General Schedule Caste Schedule Tribe Child
Total 11.6% 11.6% 9.7% 33.8% 0.3%
Male 11.3% 11.3% 10.3% 32.7% 0.6%
Female 11.9% 11.9% 9% 34.8% 0.1%

Sex Ratio - Females per 1000 Male

As of 2011 census there are 1019 females per 1000 male in the district. Sex ratio in general caste is 1019, in schedule caste is 1017 and in schedule tribe is 1049. There are 964 girls under 6 years of age per 1000 boys of the same age in the district. Overall sex ratio in the district has increased by 5 females per 1000 male during the years from 2001 to 2011. Child sex ratio here has decreased by 4 girls per 1000 boys during the same time.

Change in sex ratio 2001 to 2011 - Kanniyakumari

Total General SC ST Child
Change 5 6 -12 17 -4
2011 1019 1019 1017 1049 964
2001 1014 1013 1029 1032 968

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest sex ratio in Kanniyakumari

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio Name Sex Ratio
Agastheeswaram 1027 Poigaimalai R.F. 1750 Manakudi 1120
Vilavancode 1024 Azhagappapuram 1225 Palugal 1087
Thovala 1014 Thengamputhoor 1220 Karungal 1079
Kalkulam 1008 Agasteeswaram 1067 Manjalumoodu 1073
Dharmapuram 1065 Alagappapuram 1072
Mancode 1062 Athivilai 1070
Arudesam 1058 Palappallam 1068
Veerapuli R.F. 1051 Vanniyoor 1065
Ponmanai 1048 Puliyoorsalai 1062
Esanthimangalam 1043 Mathicode 1056

Literacy

Total about 15.5 lakh people in the district are literate, among them about 7.8 lakh are male and about 7.7 lakh are female. Literacy rate (children under 6 are excluded) of Kanniyakumari is 92%. 94% of male and 90% of female population are literate here. Overall literacy rate in the district has increased by 4%. Male literacy has gone up by 4% and female literacy rate has gone up by 5%.

Change in literacy rate 2001 to 2011 - Kanniyakumari

Total Male Female
Change 4.1% 3.2% 5.1%
2011 91.7% 93.6% 89.9%
2001 87.6% 90.4% 84.8%

Sub Districts, Villages and Cities with highest literacy rate in Kanniyakumari

Sub Districts Villages Cities
Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate % Name Literacy Rate %
Agastheeswaram 94 Velimalai Forest 100 Putheri 96
Kalkulam 92 Azhagappapuram 100 Alagappapuram 95
Vilavancode 90 Ponmanai 97 Asaripallam 95
Thovala 90 Thadagamalai R.F. 96 Nagercoil 95
Arudesam 95 Gandipuram 95
Nagercoil 95 Manavalakurichi 95
Paloor 94 Suchindrum 95
Esanthimangalam 94 Therur 95
Parakkai 94 Thenthamaraikulam 94
Vempanoor 94 Kuzhithurai 94

Workers profile

Kanniyakumari has 36% (about 6.8 lakh) population engaged in either main or marginal works. 57% male and 16% female population are working population. 48% of total male population are main (full time) workers and 8% are marginal (part time) workers. For women 11% of total female population are main and 5% are marginal workers.

Percentage of working population - Kanniyakumari

Worker Main Worker Marginal Worker Non Worker
Total 36.3% 29.5% 6.8% 63.7%
Male 56.6% 48.2% 8.4% 43.4%
Female 16.4% 11.2% 5.2% 83.6%

Biggest Villages and Cities in Kanniyakumari

Villages Cities
Name Area (Km2) Name Area (Km2)
Veerapuli R.F. 281.1 Aralvaimozhi 28.5
Kilamalai R.F. 63 Nagercoil 24.3
Surulacode 33 Vilavur 22.8
Ananthapuram 25.7 Karungal 18.9
Kalkulam 23.5 Ponmanai 17.2
Vadasery 23.1 Unnamalaikadai 15.7
Theroor 21.5 Manjalumoodu 15.7
Neendakara -B 20.5 Verkilambi 15.5
Mecode 19.4 Kumarapuram 14.1
Kadiapattinam 19.3 Puthalam 11.5